Advocating Basic Minimum Medical Care: A Case of Justice Denied
There is a widespread assumption that it is just to guarantee all individuals access to a basic minimum of healthcare. I contend in this chapter that this is based on a flawed concept and application of justice: it fails to use the generic concept of justice—namely of what we owe one another, that is, all moral demands, such as avoiding existing harmful practices and drawing upon the enormous amount of money generated by providing medical care to pay for that care. Omitting any references to these moral demands leads the proponents of minimal medical care to not even consider the possibility of achieving needed medical care for all. Thus they leave intact a system of healthcare that violates the impartiality justice demands—fair, equal treatment for everyone.