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Conclusion

  • Paulo Esteves
  • Benjamin de CarvalhoEmail author
  • Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert
Chapter

Abstract

The contributions to this volume provide a systematic assessment of Brazil’s quest for a status upgrade during the three Workers’ Party presidential terms (2003–2014). The Government of Brazil (GoB) adopted a two-pronged status-seeking strategy: advocate a reformist agenda for key international institutions, particularly in the security and financial fields, and active engagement with activities related to the maintenance of international order, such as humanitarian protection and development cooperation. Even with minimal results, as demonstrated throughout the chapters, these strategies are worth examining more closely, for a number of reasons. First, Brazil’s case can illuminate how rising powers seek higher status within an international order tailored by prevailing major powers. Second, despite its limited success in some issue areas, Brazil’s strategy not only failed but virtually collapsed, leading to a status free fall, which requires further inquiry. Third, it may advance the research agenda on status in international relations by highlighting not only how rising powers may employ status-seeking strategies which the literature hitherto has reserved for other states than the great powers (e.g. moral authority as emphasized in Wohlforth et al. 2018).

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paulo Esteves
    • 1
  • Benjamin de Carvalho
    • 2
    Email author
  • Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert
    • 3
  1. 1.Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI)OsloNorway
  3. 3.Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)OsloNorway

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