On the Generality of Organic and Inorganic

  • Galina A. Oleynikova
  • Elena G. PanovaEmail author
  • Yaroslav Yu. Fadin
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences book series (LNESS)


Black shales are the object of interest to geologists, chemists and biologists. They are widely found around the world and have different ages. Black shales are rich in organic matter, clay minerals and sand grains. Black shale and extracted porosity solution (sub-micron fraction) were analyzed by ICP-MS. During the crystallization of the submicron fraction, structures similar to the macrostructure and similar to the organic world are formed. The structured porous matter microstructures show similarity to the macro- and micro world structures and elements of biological communities. Spheroids are ball-shaped seeds, formed from the nano-particles present in the initial sub-micron fraction. They serve as source elements for crystalloid structures.


Black shales Sub-micron fraction Macro-, micro- and organic structures 



Analytical work was done in Chemical lab of All Russian Geological Institute, Research Centers of Saint Petersburg State University (“Geomodel”, “Methods of chemical analysis of matter”, “Microscopy and microanalysis”, “Nanotechnology”).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Galina A. Oleynikova
    • 1
  • Elena G. Panova
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yaroslav Yu. Fadin
    • 1
  1. 1.All Russian Geological InstituteSaint PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Earth Science, Saint Petersburg State UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia

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