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Abiogenic and Biogenic Forms of Migration Compounds in Swamps of Different Genesis

  • Lidia I. InishevaEmail author
  • Ekaterina V. Porokhina
  • Alla V. Golovchenko
  • Lech W. Szajdak
Conference paper
  • 97 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences book series (LNESS)

Abstract

Belonging to a specific geochemical region determines the qualitative conditions for the formation of the biogenic and abiogenic properties of peat deposits of swamps. The article provides the analysis of the microbiological and enzymatic activity of different genesis peat deposits in Western Siberia and the Gorny Altai region and their influence on the hydrochemical composition of swamp waters. Most of the chemical elements in the swamp water of the Western Siberia are characterized by elevated concentrations compared to the swamps of the Gorny Altai region. However, the swamp waters of the Gorny Altai region have a predominant content of humic acids in comparison with fulvic acids, unlike the composition of swamp waters of Western Siberia. It was revealed that the redox conditions of the 1-m-thick layer of the peat deposit are of great importance, in which the hydrochemical composition of the swamp waters with individual features in each type of phytocenosis is formed on the basis of biochemical processes during the vegetative season. The maximum concentration of almost all components is observed on the margin of the swamp as a result of migration of substances in this direction from autonomous swamp landscapes. The results of studies of the biochemical activity of the 1-m-thick layer of the peat deposits of different swamps according to the genesis indicate that the peat deposits of the mesotrophic and eutrophic types are characterized by the greatest biochemical activity. On the landscape profile of geochemically linked swamps, a high overall biochemical activity is noted in the peat deposit of autonomous position. It is concluded that the migratory streams from the territory of Western Siberia, which is distinguished by a large swamping and an active manifestation of the peat formation process, influence the formation of the biogenic and abiogenic composition of river waters. The performed studies have shown that it is necessary to take into account the hierarchy and conjugation of landscapes of the river basin and the organic component of swamp waters.

Keywords

Siberia Gorny Altai Swamp Peat deposit Microorganisms Enzyme activity Migration Biogenic and abiogenic properties Hydrochemical regime 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lidia I. Inisheva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ekaterina V. Porokhina
    • 1
  • Alla V. Golovchenko
    • 1
  • Lech W. Szajdak
    • 1
  1. 1.Tomsk State Pedagogical UniversityTomskRussia

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