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Russia in the Changing Global Order: Multipolarity, Multilateralism, and Sovereignty

  • André GerritsEmail author
Chapter
Part of the United Nations University Series on Regionalism book series (UNSR, volume 17)

Abstract

With a reference to Russia’s size and location, its unique history and culture, and its massive economic and military resources Russia claims a prominent role in the current world order. The foreign policy strategy which Russia’s post-communist leadership developed from this worldview, has generally been pragmatic and re-active. More recently, partly due to developments beyond Russia’s influence and partially as a result of political and economic changes in Russia itself, the country’s foreign policies have become more self-confident, more assertive and more offensive, initially especially in its own environment but later also beyond its sphere of influence. Russia is a revisionist power, but with a strongly conservative streak. Multipolarity is Russia’s major foreign policy ambition, one that is based on competition and cooperation among sovereign great powers. Russia demands the right to be included, but it also wants to stand apart. Russia is strongly in favour of multilateralism, but preferably a multilateralism for the few, Russia included.

Keywords

Russia Multipolarity Multilateralism Sovereignty Revisionism Global order Pragmatism Geopolitics 

Further Reading

  1. Russian foreign policy is the topic of a dazzling number of academic and policy-related studies. The interested reader may begin with the series of brilliant essays in Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century and the Shadow of the Past, edited by Robert Legvold (2007). The book offers fascinating insights into the longer-term, historical continuities of Russian foreign policy. Robert Donaldson, Joseph Nogee and Vidya Nadkarni (2014, fifth edition) present a well-structured, balanced and chronological overview of Russia’s international policies in The Foreign Policy of Russia. Changing Systems, Enduring Interests. The best study of Putin’s foreign policies is Russia and the New World Disorder by Bobo Lo (2015). The book is topical, thorough and admirably objective.Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for HistoryLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

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