Advertisement

An Empirical Study on the Usefulness, Effectiveness and Practicability of Vocational and Professional Education and Training’s (VPET) Open Educational Resources (OER) in the Hotel Industry

  • Ricky Yuk-kwan Ng
  • Kwan-Keung NgEmail author
  • Brian Liu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11546)

Abstract

Open educational resources (OER) is increasingly popular amongst all levels of educational institutions. However, it is noticed that adaptability of OERs for in-service training in specific industry is a major factor. Training managers, trainers and trainees also have concerns on the training packages’ practicability developed by vocational and professional education and training’s (VPET) subject teachers and academics. Although advice and consultancy were obtained from industry practitioners during the development of the training packages, it is always an issue of generalisation and adaptability because of the difficulty for one jacket to fits all. Each organisation has its training practices in terms of organisational culture, protocol and standard. This empirical study looks into the aforementioned factors with a hope to provide solutions and insights on future development, and application of OERs in the hotel industry. Using the concept of expert judgement, feedback and comments were gained from trainers and trainees on the following areas (1) instructional design, (2) user interface and (3) functionality as well as qualitative feedback on the usefulness and adaptability to suit industry’s training needs to examine the effectiveness and practicability of the training packages developed for a VPET OER Project. Findings revealed that trainers and trainees in the hotel industry well accepted the OERs and regarded they are practical, comprehensive and well designed to meet their needs. Feedback also showed that the training materials are very useful especially for those learners who are new to the hotel industry.

Keywords

Vocational and professional education and training (VPET) Open educational resources (OER) Expert review Hotel industry In-service training 

References

  1. 1.
    Towey, D., Ng, R., Wang, T.: Open educational resources (OERs) and technology enhanced learning (TEL) in vocational and professional education and training (VPET). In: IEEE International Conference on Teaching, Assessment, and Learning for Engineering (TALE 2106), Dusit Thani Bangkok Hotel, Thailand, 7–9 December 2016 (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ng, R., Lam, R., Ng, K., Lai, K.: A cross-institutional study of vocational and professional education and training (TVET) students and teachers’ needs of innovative pedagogical practices. In: Proceedings of 2016 International Symposium on Educational Technology (ISET), Beijing, pp. 101–105 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ng, R., Lam, R., Ng, K., Lai, K.: A study of vocational and professional education and training (TVET) students and teachers’ preferred support for technology based blended learning. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Educational Technology, Hong Kong, 27–29 June 2017 (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mtebe, J., Raisamo, R.: Challenges and instructors’ intention to adopt and use open educational resources in higher education in Tanzania. Int. Rev. Res. Open Distrib. Learn. 15(1), 249–272 (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kearney, M.; Schuck, S., Burden, K.: Exploring Mobile Learning in the Third Space. Taylor Francis Online (2016). https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1475939X.2016.1230555?src=recsys&journalCode=rtpe20. Accessed 25 Jan 2019
  6. 6.
    Ng, R.: Omniscience learning space: a new dimension of learning. In: VPET Conference Series in the Learning and Teaching Expo 2017, Hong Kong Convention Centre, 13–15 December 2017 (2017)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cheung, S.K.S.: A study on the pattern and trend of students’ typical usage of mobile devices in learning activities. In: Cheung, S.K.S., Lam, J., Li, K.C., Au, O., Ma, W.W.K., Ho, W.S. (eds.) ICTE 2018. CCIS, vol. 843, pp. 89–100. Springer, Singapore (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0008-0_9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cheung, S.K.S.: A case study on students’ attitude and acceptance of mobile learning. In: Li, K.C., Wong, T.L., Cheung, S.K.S., Lam, J., Ng, K.K. (eds.) ICTE 2014. CCIS, vol. 494, pp. 45–54. Springer, Heidelberg (2014).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-46158-7_5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cheung, S., Yuen, K., Tsang, E.: A study on the readiness of mobile learning in open education. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on IT in Medicine and Education, pp. 133–136. IEEE Press (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lam, J., Yau, J., Cheung, S.K.S.: A review of mobile learning in the mobile age. In: Tsang, P., Cheung, S.K.S., Lee, V.S.K., Huang, R. (eds.) ICHL 2010. LNCS, vol. 6248, pp. 306–315. Springer, Heidelberg (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14657-2_28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ng, R., Lam, R.: Student learning preferences for and perceptions of blended learning: a case study in MOOCs for vocational education in Hong Kong. In: Hong Kong International Conference on Education, Psychology and Society (HKICEPS), Eaton Hotel, Hong Kong, 14–16 December 2016 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    National Centre for Vocational Education Research: Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Young People in Education and Training 2009 (2010). http://apo.org.au/node/23745. Accessed 30 Oct 2018
  13. 13.
    Thomson, A.: Global trends in vocational education and training. Paper presented at the National Conference for TAFE Directors Australian: Balancing the Big Issues, Sydney, Australia (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    BBC News: Vocational exams on the increase. BBC News, 23 June 2009 (2009). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/education/8290470.stm. Accessed 30 Oct 2018
  15. 15.
    NCVER: National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Young People in Education and Training 2009 (2010). http://apo.org.au/node/23745. Accessed 30 Oct 2018
  16. 16.
    Singapore Government: About SkillsFuture Singapore (2018). http://www.ssg-wsg.gov.sg/about.html?activeAcc=1. Accessed 30 Oct 2018
  17. 17.
    UNESCO: Proposal for the Revision of the 2001 Revised Recommendation Concerning Technical And Vocational Education. UNESCO, Paris (2015)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Diep, P.; Hartman, M.: Green Skills in Vocational Teacher Education-A Model of Pedagogical Competence for a World of Sustainable Development (2016). www.tvet-online.asia. Accessed 10 Jan 2019
  19. 19.
    Pavlova, M.: Regional Overview: What is the Government’s Role of Greening in TVET? (2016). www.tvet-online.asia. Accessed 10 Jan 2019
  20. 20.
    OECD: Learning for Jobs (2010). http://www.oecd.org/edu/skillsbeyond-school/Learning%20for%20Jobs%20book.pdf. Accessed 10 Jan 2019
  21. 21.
    Orleans, L.: Professional Manpower and Education in Communist China, National Science Foundation, Washington, DC (1961)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Shulman, L.: Those who understand: knowledge growth in teaching. In: Education Researcher, vol. Fe. 1986, pp. 4–14 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Koehler, M., Mishra, P.: What is technological pedagogical content knowledge. Contemp. Issues Technol. Teach. Educ. 9(1), 60–70 (2009)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kosinar, J.: Profseeionalisierungsverlaufe in der Lehrerausbidung, pp. 4–23. Barbar Budrich, Berlin (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    HKSAR EdB: Education Bureau of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Report of the Task Force on Promotion of Vocational Education (2015). https://www.edb.gov.hk/en/edu-system/other-edu-training/vocational-other-edu-program/promotion-vet.html. Accessed 30 Oct 2018
  26. 26.
    Ng, R.: “A report on the cross-institutional study of vocational education and training (VET) students’ learning needs as well as teachers and workplace mentors’ teaching practices” for the Quality Enhancement Support Scheme (QESS) Project: Development of Effective Pedagogical Practices and a Cross-institutional Online Sharing Platform for Hong Kong’s VET (2016). https://vpetcity.vtc.edu.hk/doc/8_study_report.pdf. Accessed 30 Oct 2018
  27. 27.
    Yager, R.R., Liu, L.: Classic Works of the Dempster-Shafer Theory of Belief Functions. Springer, Heidelberg (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-44792-4CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wong, B.T.-M., Li, K.C., Wong, B.Y.-Y., Yau, J.S.-W.: The e-learning trends for continuing professional development in the accountancy profession in Hong Kong. In: Cheung, S.K.S., Lam, J., Li, K.C., Au, O., Ma, W.W.K., Ho, W.S. (eds.) ICTE 2018. CCIS, vol. 843, pp. 258–266. Springer, Singapore (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0008-0_24CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Learning and Teaching, Vocational Training CouncilHong KongChina
  2. 2.University of SunderlandHong KongChina
  3. 3.Hong KongChina

Personalised recommendations