Hair Straightening and Hair Dyes: Facts and Controversies

  • Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni Dias
  • Rodrigo Pirmez
  • Hudson Dutra
  • Antonella Tosti


Hair dyes and hair relaxers are hair care products commonly used to change hair color and shape, respectively. Very popular among patients, these products may be self-applied as a home care treatment or by a professional hair stylist at the hair salon. These products can cause adverse reactions, particularly after improper use. In this chapter, we discuss hair straightening products and hair dyes, their mode of action, recommendations, and possible side effects.


Hair dyes Hair relaxers Hair straightening Permanent waving Brazilian keratin treatment Bleaching agents 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni Dias
    • 1
  • Rodrigo Pirmez
    • 2
  • Hudson Dutra
    • 3
  • Antonella Tosti
    • 4
  1. 1.Antonio Pedro University Hospital, Department of DermatologyRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Dermatology Santa Casa da MisericordiaRio De JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Center for Dermatology and Hair Diseases Professor Trüeb, Department of DermatologyZurichSwitzerland
  4. 4.Fredric Brandt Endowed Professor of Dermatology, Dr. Phillip Frost Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous SurgeryUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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