The Future of University Internationalization

  • Catherine Yuan Gao
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education book series (PSGHE)


The final chapter concludes the project and examines university internationalization’s future. Yuan argues that if university internationalization indeed has a future, it must shift its focus from structural to cultural diversity to fulfill higher education institutions’ cultural mission. In addition, Yuan points out the uncertainties that cloud the future of university internationalization and common challenges in achieving meaningful internationalization that face universities in all countries, such as international students’ learning experiences and outcomes, the conflicts between an international profile and national identity, and internationalization’s influences on social equity. The chapter concludes with a reflection on better performance measures for universities, which highlights that the fundamental difficulty in measuring a complex phenomenon rests in capturing the outcomes rather than the activities’ input and output.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Yuan Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for International Research on EducationVictoria UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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