Enabling Technologies of Industry 4.0 and Their Global Forerunners: An Empirical Study of the Web of Science Database

  • Mikkel Stein KnudsenEmail author
  • Jari Kaivo-oja
  • Theresa Lauraeus
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1027)


Knowledge management in organizations brings many benefits for R&D operations of companies and corporations. This empirical study demonstrates the power of large database analyses for industrial strategies and policy. The study is based on the Web of Science database (Core Collection, ISI) and provides an overview of the core enabling technologies of Industry 4.0, as well as the countries and regions at the forefront of the academic landscape within these technologies. The core technologies and technologies of Industry 4.0 and Manufacturing 4.0 are: (1) Internet of Things and related technologies (2) Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), (3) Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), and (4) ubiquitous computing. It also covers (5) Cloud computing technologies, including (6) Virtualization and (7) Manufacturing as a Service (MaaS), and new (8) Cyber-physical systems, such as (9) Digital Twin-technology and (10) Smart & Connected Communities. Finally, important for the manufacturing integration Industry 4.0 enabling technologies are (11) Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), (12) Business Process Management (BPM), and (13) Information Integration and Interoperability. All these key technologies and technology drivers were analysed in this empirical demonstration of knowledge management.


Industry 4.0 Web of Science Technology foresight 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikkel Stein Knudsen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jari Kaivo-oja
    • 1
    • 2
  • Theresa Lauraeus
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Finland Futures Research CentreUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Kazimieras Simonavicius UniversityVilniusLithuania

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