• Jan Kozák
  • Roger M. W. Musson


Water. H2O, is probably the best-known chemical formula there is. It is also known as hydrogen monoxide or oxygen dihydride. It is one of the most abundant substances on the planet; much of the Earth’s surface is covered with it. A view of the Earth from space, centered on the Pacific Ocean, shows almost no land at all, and the view showing the most land possible still has slightly more sea than land visible.


  1. Blöschl G, Gaá lL, Hall J, Kiss A, Komma J, Nester T, Parajka J, Perdigão RA, Plavcová L, Rogger M, Salinas JL, Viglione A (2015) Increasing river floods: fiction or reality? WIREs Water 2:329–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Kozák
    • 1
  • Roger M. W. Musson
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of GeophysicsAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.School of GeosciencesEdinburgh UniversityEdinburghUK
  3. 3.British Geological SurveyEdinburghUK

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