• Beatrice GoilavEmail author


Kidney disease can affect children in various ways, ranging from treatable disorders without long-term consequences to life-threatening conditions.


Normal renal function Proteinuria Hematuria Hypertension (HTN) Glomerular abnormalities Presenting with predominantly nephritic syndrome Glomerular abnormalities Tubular abnormalities Cystic kidney diseases Acute kidney injury (AKI) Dehydration and maintenance fluid calculations 



Dr. Goilav would like to thank Dr. Casimir Cohen for his invaluable advice in the writing of this chapter.

References and Suggested Reading

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    Bushinsky DA, Coe FS, Moe OW. Nephrolithiasis. In: Brenner BK, editor. Brenner & Rector’s the kidney, vol. 2. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2008. p. 1299–349.Google Scholar
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    Flynn JT, Kaelber DC, Baker-Smith CM, Blowey D, Carroll AE, Daniels SR, Subcommittee on Screening and Management of High Blood Pressure in Children, et al. Clinical practice guideline for screening and management of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2017;140(3):e20171904.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Andreoli SP. Acute renal failure. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2002;14(2):183–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Goldstein SL. Pediatric acute kidney injury: it’s time for real progress. Pediatr Nephrol. 2006;21(7):891–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Cooper CS. Voiding dysfunction. eMedicine Drugs Dis Pediatr: Surg. 2017. Accessed 24 Feb 2019.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric NephrologyChildren’s Hospital at Montefiore, Albert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA

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