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Hypersensitivity to Aspirin and Other Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs

  • Adile Berna Dursun
  • Engin Dursun
  • D. Donald Stevenson
Chapter

Abstract

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) are documented as causing the second highest number of medication-related hypersenstivity reactions and as the third highest reason for allergy consulations. The prevalence of hypersentivity to NSAIDs in the general population at large between 0.5 and 2.5%. Estimation of prevalence depends, however, on diagnostic methodology and patient characteristics, such as gender, age and the presence of comorbidity such as asthma, persistent rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps and chronic hives. Being asthmatics carries a 10-20% risk, whilst being asthmatic and having nasal polyposis carries a 30-40% risk of having NSAID-hypersensitivity. Children are less frequently affected than adults; and there is a female predilection. Classification of NSAID-hypersensitivity are based on clinical picture, whether an underlying pathology is present, and extent to which cross-reaction occurs with other members of the COX-1 inhibitor group. NSAID-exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD) refers to the combination of asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis, and acute upper and lower respiratory tract reactions to the ingestion of NSAID. Disscussion in this chapter is confined to NERD.

Keywords

Aspirin Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Hypersensitivity Medication-related hypersensitivity response Cyclooxygenase COX-1 COX-2 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adile Berna Dursun
    • 1
  • Engin Dursun
    • 2
  • D. Donald Stevenson
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Immunology and Allergic DiseasesSchool of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan UniversityRizeTurkey
  2. 2.Department of OtorhinolaryngologySchool of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan UniversityRizeTurkey
  3. 3.Division of Allergy, Asthma and ImmunologyScripps ClinicSan DiegoUSA

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