Advertisement

Processes of State Creation and Democratization in the United States

  • Alex Roberto HybelEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter explains the state-creation process of the United States and the formation of its “flawed” democratic political system. The analysis is guided by five questions:
  1. 1.

    What conditions facilitated or obstructed the creation of the United States as a legitimate state?

     
  2. 2.

    What conditions facilitated or obstructed the formation of a legitimate and stable democratic regime in the United States?

     
  3. 3.

    How long did it take to create a legitimate and stable democratic regime in the United States?

     
  4. 4.

    What kind of democratic regime was formed in the United States?

     
  5. 5.

    How well does the democratic regime created in the United States compare with those formed in other developed states and in Spanish American states?

     

Bibliography

  1. Ambrose, Stephen E. 1997. Citizen Soldiers: The U.S. Army from the Normandy Beaches to the Bulge, To the Surrender of Germany. New York: Simon & Schuster. Print.Google Scholar
  2. Ammon, Harry. 1971. James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity. New York: McGraw-Hill. Print.Google Scholar
  3. Articles (2 and 3) of Confederation, Agreed to by Congress 15 November 1777. 2019. Articles of Confederation. University of Minnesota- Human Rights Library. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  4. Blackstone, William. 1979. Commentaries on the Laws of England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brannon, Linda. 2005. Gender: Psychological Perspectives. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Print.Google Scholar
  6. Chernow, Ron. 2017. Grant. New York: Penguin. Print.Google Scholar
  7. Congress and the Public. Gallup.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.
  8. Cronon, William. 1983. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang. Print.Google Scholar
  9. Dallek, Robert. 2003. An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917–1963. Boston: Little Brown. Print.Google Scholar
  10. Dangerfield, George. 1965. The Awakening of American Nationalism. New York: Harper & Row. Print.Google Scholar
  11. Democracy Index 2018. 2019. The Economist – The Economist Intelligence Unit. Web. 24 Feb. 2019.Google Scholar
  12. Egloff, Keith, and Deborah Woodward. 1992. First People: The Early Indians of Virginia. Charlottesville: University of Virginia. Print.Google Scholar
  13. Freeman, Jo. 1995. The Revolution for Women in Law and Public Policy. In Women: A Feminist Perspective. 5th ed. Mountain View: Mayfield. Print.Google Scholar
  14. Gabb, Sean. 2011. Smoking, Class and the Legitimation of Power: Reflections on the War against Tobacco and the Rise of the New Puritanism. London: Hampden. Print.Google Scholar
  15. Gerken, Heather K. 2014. Campaign Finance, Dark Money, and Shadow Parties. Marquette Law Review. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  16. Gilens, Martin, and Benjamin I. Page. 2014. Web. 24 Jan. 2019. Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens. Perspectives on Politics 12 (3): 564.Google Scholar
  17. Goetz, Rebecca Anne. 2012. The Baptism of Early Virginia: How Christianity Created Race. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  18. Hybel, Alex Roberto. 2010. The Power of Ideology – From the Roman Empire to Al-Qaeda. London: Routledge. Print.Google Scholar
  19. Jefferson, Thomas. 1898. A Letter of Jefferson on the Political Parties, 1798. The American Historical Review. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  20. Keyssar, Alexander. 2000. The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States. Philadelphia: Basic Books. Print.Google Scholar
  21. Kimberling, William C. 2008. The Manner of Choosing Electors. The Electoral College – Manner of Choosing. David Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  22. Kotler, Philip. 2016. Democracy in Decline. London: SAGE Publications. Print.Google Scholar
  23. Lemon, James T. 2001. Colonial America in the 18th Century. In North America the Historical Geography of a Changing Continent, ed. Thomas F. McIlwraith and Edward K. Muller. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. Print.Google Scholar
  24. Liptak, Adam. 2010. Courts Take on Campaign Finance Decision. The New York Times, March 26. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  25. Masket, Seth E., Jonathan Winburn, and Gerald C. Wright. 2012. The Gerrymanderers Are Coming! Legislative Redistricting Won’t Affect Competition or Polarization Much, No Matter Who Does It. American Political Science Association 45: 1. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  26. McCool, Daniel, Susan M. Olson, and Jennifer L. Robinson. 2007. Native Vote. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. McCutcheson, et al. v. FEC (Case Summary). 2014. Federal Election Commission, May. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  28. McPherson, James M. 1996. Drawn with the Sword: Reflections on the American Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  29. Middlekauff, Robert. 2005. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763–1789. New York: Oxford University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  30. Milner, Henry. 2009. Does Proportional Representation Boost Turnout? A Political Knowledge-based Explanation. The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems, Toronto, Canada, September 6. Lecture.Google Scholar
  31. National Primary Turnout Hits New Record Low. 2013. Bipartisan Policy Center. January 24. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  32. Newport, Frank. 2013. In U.S., 87% Approve of Black, White Marriage, vs. 4% in 1958. Gallup.com, July 25. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.
  33. Oberg, Michael Leroy. 2004. Dominion and Civility: English Imperialism and Native America, 1585–1685. New York: Cornell University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  34. ———. 2010. Native America: A History. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell. Print.Google Scholar
  35. Ornstein, Norm. 2014. The Pernicious Effects of Gerrymandering. National Journal, December 4. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  36. Patten, Eileen. 2019. Racial Gender Wage Gaps Persist in U.S. Despite Progress. Pew Research Center. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  37. Ratcliffe, Donald. 2013. The Right to Vote and the Rise of Democracy, 1787–1828. Journal of the Early Republic 33.2: 219–254. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Reelection Rates of Incumbents in the House. Thirty-Thousand.org, 2006. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.
  39. Republican Party Platforms: Republican Party Platform of 1860, May 17, 1860. The American Presidency Project. Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  40. Richter, Daniel K. 2009. Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  41. Sassen, Saskia. 2006. Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval to Global Assemblages. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  42. Skowronek, Stephen. 1982. Building a New American State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Print.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stanton, Elizabeth C., Susan B. Anthony, Matilda J. Gage, and Ida Harper. 1887. History of Woman Suffrage. Vol. 1. Rochester: Susan B. Anthony and Charles Mann. Print.Google Scholar
  44. Study: US Is an Oligarchy, Not a Democracy?. 2014. BBC News. Echo Chambers, April 17. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  45. Taylor, Alan. 2001. American Colonies: The Settling of North America. Vol. 1. New York: Penguin. Print.Google Scholar
  46. U.N. Women in Politics 2017 Map. U.N. Women. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  47. Wilentz, Sean. 2008. The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln. New York: W.W. Norton. Print.Google Scholar
  48. Wood, Karenne. 2007. The Virginia Indian Heritage Trail. Charlottesville: Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Print.Google Scholar
  49. Wood, Gordon S. 2009. Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Print.Google Scholar
  50. Woodrow Wilson and the Women’s Suffrage Movement: A Reflection. 2013. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, June. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar
  51. Woodworth, Steven E. 1996. American Civil War. Connecticut: Greenwood. Print.Google Scholar
  52. Zaher, Claudia. 2002. When a Woman’s Marital Status Determined Her Legal Status: A Research Guide on the Common Law Doctrine of Coverture. Law Library Journal 94 (3): 459–486. Law Library Journal, 2002. Web. 24 Jan. 2019.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marina del ReyUSA

Personalised recommendations