• Helen Hanna
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Global Citizenship Education and Democracy book series (GCED)


This chapter brings together the threads of arguments within the book. It summarises the findings from Chapters  4 to  6: on representing the minority and curriculum in citizenship education; on dealing with difference and pedagogy in citizenship education; and on aims in terms of preparing young people for life in a divided society. It also highlights the opportunities and challenges offered by international human rights law, particularly the challenge of interpreting the law, given the variety of identities that are vying for recognition in conflict-affected jurisdictions. It therefore proposes that an approach is taken whereby everyone who is involved in interpreting education rights obligations be considered as an ‘interpretative community’. It closes by highlighting the implications of the findings in terms of how we view international education rights frameworks and the continued challenge of delivering an appropriate citizenship education in the divided societies of Northern Ireland and Israel.


Citizenship Citizenship education Rights Interpretative variety 



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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Hanna
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of International and Comparative EducationEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiChina

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