The Intersection of Technology and Health: Using Human Computer Interaction and Ubiquitous Computing to Drive Behavioral Intervention Research
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The rapid proliferation of new computing technologies, including smart phones and wearables, has created new opportunities for designing, delivering, and evaluating health behavior interventions. This approach requires the collaboration of researchers from multiple fields, including computer scientists, psychologists, and health practitioners. This chapter takes a broad view of how disparate methods drive research at the intersection of computer science and behavioral science. We provide a brief history of computer science in the context of two areas that are critical to bridging technology with behavioral science: Ubiquitous Computing and Human Computer Interaction (HCI). We also provide an introduction to user-centered design, the primary paradigm for technology development in HCI. We then highlight the two psychosocial theories we have adopted to address fundamental questions at the intersection of chronic care management and technology development. Throughout the chapter we highlight collaborations with researchers from medicine (endocrinology, cardiology, pulmonology) and public health. Finally, we provide suggestions to improve the likelihood that collaborations are fruitful.
KeywordsHCI Ubicomp Psychology theory Behavioral science Team science
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