• Dave DayEmail author
  • Margaret Roberts


This chapter provides the social context for the development of swimming during the nineteenth century in England and introduces the communities surrounding swimming professors, which stimulated an expansion in the sport, particularly among women. As the number of facilities expanded, these communities were joined by another professional community consisting of baths managers, attendants, and swimming teachers who had a vested interest in encouraging participation. The impact on these communities on the formation of a centralized organization by the amateur swimming community is then signposted before the chapter concludes by outlining the biographical methods employed. The sources utilized include an extensive use of census data to illuminate the life courses since the main argument here is that individuals and their communities were critical to the evolution of swimming into a modern sport.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.History, Politics and PhilosophyManchester Metropolitan UniversityManchesterUK
  2. 2.Independent ResearcherCreweUK

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