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Developmental Coordination Disorder and Intellectual Disabilities

  • Bouwien Smits-Engelsman
  • Niri Naidoo
  • Wendy Aertssen
  • Reint Geuze
Chapter
Part of the Autism and Child Psychopathology Series book series (ACPS)

Abstract

Developmental coordination disorder, characterized by deficits in fine and gross motor behaviors, occurs frequently among persons with intellectual disabilities. The goal of this chapter is to describe developmental coordination disorder, the development of the diagnostic criteria, how to measure them, and why diagnosing motor coordination problems among persons with intellectual disabilities is important. Another major focus of this chapter is on evidence of risks of low motor competency and low levels of physical activity. Finally, we describe intervention methods and system support (school, home, community) for DCD and in how far these can be used in case of ID.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bouwien Smits-Engelsman
    • 1
  • Niri Naidoo
    • 1
  • Wendy Aertssen
    • 2
  • Reint Geuze
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health and Rehabilitation SciencesUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.Avans+, University for ProfessionalsBredaThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Developmental and Clinical NeuropsychologyUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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