Advertisement

Ball Lightning pp 109-126 | Cite as

Ball Lightning Theories

  • Herbert Boerner
Chapter

Abstract

There are now probably more than 200 different theories of BL, but so far there is no consensus on the validity of any of them. In fact, most scientists think that none of these theoretical models is capable of explaining the physical nature of these objects. This is somewhat surprising concerning the effort that has gone into these models, but as Stenhoff explains in his book, most theories are critically flawed. He states that they simply do not describe the observational evidence: some predict behavior that has never been observed, whereas others are at odds with well-documented behavior by these objects. Some focus only on a few reports and ignore the evidence from other observations. It appears that physicists are also prone to do some cherry-picking when it comes to reports on BL.

References

  1. Arnhoff, G. (1992) Is there yet an explanation of ball lightning? European Transactions on Electrical Power 2:137–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cameron, R. P. (2018) Monochromatic knots and other unusual electromagnetic disturbances: light localized in 3D. Journal of Physics Communications 2:015024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chubykalo, A. E. and Espinoza, A. (2002) Unusual formations of the free electromagnetic field in vacuum. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General 35:8043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chubykalo, A. E., Espinoza, A., and Kosyakov, B. P. (2010) Self-dual electromagnetic fields. American Journal of Physics 78:858–861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dawson, G. A. and Jones, R. C. (1969) Ball lightning as a radiation bubble. Pure and Applied Geophysics 75:247–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Endean, G. (1997) Development of the radiation bubble model of ball lightning. Journal of Meteorology 22:98–105Google Scholar
  7. Handel, P. H. and Leitner, Jean-F. (1994) Development of the maser-caviton ball lightning theory. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 99:10689–10691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jennison, R. C. (1990) Relativistic phase-locked cavity model of ball lightning. Physical Interpretations of Relativity Theory: Proceedings 2:359Google Scholar
  9. Lowke, J. J. (1996) A theory of ball lightning as an electric discharge. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 29:1237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lowke, J. J. et al (2012) Birth of ball lightning. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 117Google Scholar
  11. Ranada, A. F. and Soler, M. and Trueba, J. L. (2000) Ball lightning as a force-free magnetic knot. Physical Review E 62:7181Google Scholar
  12. Stephan, K. D. (2016) Extension of Relativistic-Microwave Theory of Ball Lightning Including Long-Term Losses and Stability. arXiv preprint arXix:1608.00450Google Scholar
  13. Torchigin, V. P. and Torchigin, A. V. (2004) Behavior of self-confined spherical layer of light radiation in the air atmosphere. Physics Letters A 328:189–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wu, H.-C. (2016) Relativistic-microwave theory of ball lightning. Scientific reports 6:28263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Zheng, Xue-Heng (1990) Quantitative analysis for ball lightning. Physics Letters A 148:463–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert Boerner
    • 1
  1. 1.MainzGermany

Personalised recommendations