Additives for Gases and Liquids

  • Sujoy Kumar Saha
  • Hrishiraj Ranjan
  • Madhu Sruthi Emani
  • Anand Kumar Bharti
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


This chapter summarizes the effect of additives for gases and liquids on the enhancement of heat transfer. The heat transfer performance by using additives such as solid particles, metallic nano-sized particles, gas bubbles, suspensions in dilute polymer and surfactant solutions for single-phase liquids and solid and liquid additives for gaseous phase is presented. Also, the additives for boiling, condensation and absorption processes are discussed.


Surfactants Nanoparticles Gas bubbles Polymers Fluidized beds Dispersants 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sujoy Kumar Saha
    • 1
  • Hrishiraj Ranjan
    • 1
  • Madhu Sruthi Emani
    • 1
  • Anand Kumar Bharti
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, ShibpurHowrahIndia

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