Investigation of Fuel Preference Effects for Integrated Buildings Considering Low-Carbon Approach: A Case Study

  • M. Ziya SogutEmail author
  • Hamit Mutlu
  • T. Hikmet Karakoc
Conference paper
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


In the building groups considered as campuses or integrated structures, the energy demand based on the heat source is observed to be mostly made with regional integrated solutions. In carbon management of such structures, control and reduction of potential, reduction of energy-related threats are considered as priority strategies. In this study, first, the energy performance of the integrated buildings in which low carbon technologies evaluated instead of a fossil-based solution was evaluated. Next, the CO2 emission potentials related to the thermal systems compared different fossil and the environmental effect was examined separately. In the process analysis, the resource preferences together with the energy preferences, the effects of different types of resources, and energy consumption performance were analyzed separately. It was observed that the technology applied was 45.38% more effective than standard natural gas systems, 71.07% fuel consumption of fuel oil 4 and 63.28% more effective use of LNG.


Integrated buildings Low carbon Technologies Energy efficiency Carbon management 



Exergy (kJ/h)


Lower thermal value of fuel (kJ/h)


Fuel (kg)


Environment temperature (°C)


Resource and interior temperature (°C)


Total thermal load of the building (kJ/h)

\(\sum {\dot{Q}_{\text{W}} }\)

Total energy (kJ/h)

\(\sum {\dot{Q}_{\text{BW}} }\)

Boiler energy consumption (kJ/h)

Greek letters


Thermal efficiency of the device


Exergy factor


Fuel-based exergy factor


Energy efficiency


Exergy efficiency


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ziya Sogut
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hamit Mutlu
    • 2
  • T. Hikmet Karakoc
    • 3
  1. 1.Piri Reis University, Maritime FacultyTuzla, IstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Mechanic Project CompanyBursaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Airframe and Powerplant Maintenance, Faculty of Aeronautics and AstronauticsEskişehir Technical UniversityEskisehirTurkey

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