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Removal of Polyphenolic Compounds from Olive Mill Wastewater with Sunlight Irradiation Using Nano-Zno–Sio2 Composite

  • Çağlar UlusoyEmail author
  • Delia Teresa Sponza
Conference paper
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Olive mill wastewater (OMW) includes high concentrations of polyphenolic organics. Phenolic compounds in OMW cannot be removed with conventional removal processes. In this study, the polyphenols were removed with nano-ZnO–SiO2 under sunlight. The effects of nano-composite levels, irradiation times, and pH on the phenol removals were investigated. The aim of this study is to photodegrade the total phenol and three polyphenols (gallic acid, para-coumaric acid, t-paracoumaric acid) in the OMW using nano-ZnO–SiO2. The behaviors of elevated nano-ZnO–SiO2 doses (0.5, 1, 3, 5 and 10 g/L), the photodegradation intervals (8, 16, 24 and 36 h) and elevated pHs (4, 7 and 10) during sunlight were researched on the removals of polyphenols in the OMW. The best phenol yield was 73% using 3 g/L nano-ZnO–SiO2 under 24 h sunlight at pH 4. The maximum yields for gallic acid, para-coumaric acid, and t-para-coumaric acid were 90%, 5%, and 5%, respectively.

Keywords

ZnO–SiO2 Photocatalytic degradation Olive mill wastewater Polyphenols Phenolic compounds 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Engineering Department, Engineering FacultyDokuz Eylul UniversityIzmirTurkey

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