Mangroves: A Potential Vegetation Against Sea Level Rise

  • Abhijit Mitra


Mangroves possess the ability to adapt to changes in sea level by growing upward in place, or by expanding landward or seaward. Mangroves produce peat from decaying litter fall and root growth and by trapping sediment from the ambient water. The process of building peat helps mangroves keep up with sea level rise. Mangroves can also expand their range despite sea level rise if the rate of sediment accretion is sufficient to keep up with sea level rise and if migration is not blocked by local conditions, such as infrastructure (e.g., roads, agricultural fields, dikes, urbanization, seawalls, and shipping channels) and topography (e.g., steep slopes). The potential of mangroves to combat sea level rise has been explained in this chapter with several regional case studies.


Sea level Peat Sediment accretion Mangrove migration 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhijit Mitra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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