Ecosystem Services of Mangroves: An Overview

  • Abhijit Mitra


The concept of ecosystem services has become an important model for linking the functioning of ecosystems to societal benefits. Lot of works have been done on the valuation methods, data and classification systems for ecosystem services of terrestrial ecosystems compared to the mangrove ecosystems in the coastal and estuarine regions of the world. Peer review literature on global economic valuations of coastal forest like mangrove ecosystems, sea grass ecosystems is rather limited. The valuation method for mangrove ecosystem services has not been standardized fully. Economist generally divide the total economic value of mangrove into three major groups namely (i) Direct use value (ii) Indirect use value and (iii) Non-use value. Direct use values refer to consumptive and non-consumptive uses that encompass physical interaction with the mangroves and their services e.g., revenues generated from fishery, timber, fuel wood, fodder, honey, wax, and recreation. Indirect use values include regulatory ecological functions like flood control, storm protection, nutrient retention and erosion control. Non-use values include existence and bequest values of mangroves. This chapter has critically scanned the different types of ecosystem services offered by mangroves with special reference to Indian mangrove forests.


Ecosystem services Mangroves Direct use value Indirect use value Non-use value 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhijit Mitra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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