Developing Linkages for Carbon Sequestration, Livelihoods and Ecosystem Service Provision in Mountain Landscapes: Challenges and Opportunities in the Himalaya Hindu Kush (HKH) Region

  • Victor R. Squires


A number of critical issues have emerged in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region as reflected in the downward spiral of resource degradation, increasing rural poverty, and food and livelihood insecurity in mountainous regions. New and comprehensive approaches to mountain development are needed to identify sustainable resource development practices such as Sustainable Land Management (SLM), to strengthen local institutions and knowledge systems, and increase the resilience of both mountain environments and their inhabitants. The key objectives of this chapter are to reflect upon the links between carbon retention and capture, the provision of other ecosystem services and livelihood impacts, consider the challenges in developing payment systems for carbon storage and outline the key forward-looking interdisciplinary and multi-stakeholder opportunities to advance progress towards pro-poor, climate-smart development in the mountainous regions of the HKH. These are among the measures that can be seen as opportunities.


Understandings Carbon Land degradation Climate Poverty Common pool resources Glaciers Irrigation 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor R. Squires
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Desertification StudiesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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