PM in NGO and NPO

  • Marc Helmold
  • Warda Samara
Part of the Management for Professionals book series (MANAGPROF)


Non-profit organizations (NPO) and non-government organizations play an important role in today’s society. The terms NPO and NGO (non-government organization) are also often used interchangeably, but in fact both definitions have different meanings. The NGO is any non-profit, voluntary citizens’ group which is organized on local, national or international levels. NGOs are separate from government and require no government council but normally depend on the government for funding. The NGO is a citizen-based association that operates independently of government, usually to deliver resources or serve some social or political purpose. The World Bank classifies NGOs as either operational NGOs, which are primarily concerned with development projects, or advocacy NGOs, which are primarily concerned with promoting a cause (World Bank, Working with NGOs: A practical guide to operational collaboration between the World Bank and nongovernmental organizations (English)., 2019). The International Standards Organization (ISO) is a non-governmental organization. As such, its standards are voluntary, but many of its member institutes are part of the governmental structures of their countries, and ISO standards have found their way into many laws. Information technology professionals, for example, are probably familiar with the ISO/IEC 27000 series of standards for IT security management. The NPO, also defined as non-business entity, not-for-profit or non-profit institution, aims to advocate and promote a particular social cause. There are numerous NPOs in Germany listed in Wikipedia (e.g. German association for flag protection—Wikipedia, NGO and NGO., 2019).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Helmold
    • 1
  • Warda Samara
    • 1
  1. 1.IUBHBerlinGermany

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