A Novel Joint Angle Measurement System to Monitor Hip Movement in Children with Hip Diseases

  • Donato G. LeoEmail author
  • Badr M. Abdullah
  • Daniel C. Perry
  • Helen Jones
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 973)


Children’s hip diseases are an umbrella term to define different conditions (e.g. Perthes’ disease; hip dysplasia) that affect the hip bone during the first months or years after birth. Assessing the degree of hip stiffness is important in the management of the disease, but to date there is no system able to continuously monitor hip angle in children. We aimed to characterize a novel wearable joint angle monitoring system able to collect data during the day in everyday life to assess hip mobility in children with hip diseases. We developed a flexible sensor embedded in a microcontroller based device, including an external SD card to store data. Preliminary data collected by the sensor shows its feasibility into monitor hip flexion/extension (SEM of ±0.20°) during daily tasks. The preliminary results support moving forward with the prototype and improving its wearability, validating it in a wider study.


Optical flexible sensor Hip diseases Wearable technology Hip mobility 



The authors want to thank the Liverpool John Moores University for the PhD scholarship with which this work has been funded. Authors want also to thank Dr Alex Mason (Animalia AS, Process and Product, Oslo – NO) for his support and suggestions during the device development.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donato G. Leo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Badr M. Abdullah
    • 2
  • Daniel C. Perry
    • 3
  • Helen Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Sport and Exercise SciencesLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.Built Environment and Sustainable Technologies (BEST) Research InstituteLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK
  3. 3.Nuffield Department of Orthopaedic, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal SciencesUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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