Advertisement

Estimation of Emotional Processes in Regulation of the Structural Afferentation of Varying Contrast by Means of Visual Evoked Potentials

  • Sergey LytaevEmail author
  • Mikhail Aleksandrov
  • Mikhail Lytaev
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 953)

Abstract

We studied central mechanisms for regulation of incoming structural afferentation of varying contrast of mentally diseased by means of multichannel registration of visual evoked potentials (VEPs) and brain topographic mapping with subsequent correlation with behavioral data. The first type of VEPs responses by direct relationship between contrast and VEPs amplitude was characterized. In second case, initially there was VEPs amplitude increase, but later on the relationship became the reverse one, manifested by marked decrease of the amplitude. Comparison of behavioral investigation results with electrophysiological data enabled to find that the first variant of reaction was characterized by lower degree of visual images identification, under condition hampering their identification, irrespective of test objects modality.

Keywords

Visual evoked potentials Augmentation Reduction Emotional status Contrast Reversible pattern 

References

  1. 1.
    McNaughton, N., Corr, P.J.: The neuropsychology of fear and anxiety: a foundation for reinforcement sensitivity theory. In: The Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of Personality, pp. 44–94. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511819384.003
  2. 2.
    Lytaev, S., Aleksandrov, M., Ulitin, A.: Psychophysiological and intraoperative AEPs and SEPs monitoring for perception, attention and cognition. Commun. Comput. Inf. Sci. 713, 229–236 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58750-9_33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Prescott, J., Connolly, J.F., Gruzelier, J.H.: The augmenting/reducing phenomenon in the auditory evoked potential. Biol. Psychol. 19(1), 31–44 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yakovenko, I.A., Tcheremoushkin, E.A., Lytaev, S.A.: Reflecting the augmenting – reducing phenomenon in the spatio-temporal EEG characteristics. Zhurnal Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatelnosti Imeni I.P. Pavlova 44, 25–32 (1994)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carrillo-de-la-Peña, M.T.: ERP augmenting/reducing and sensation seeking: a critical review. Int. J. Psychophysiol. 12(3), 211–220 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pascalis, V., Fracasso, F., Corr, P.J.: Personality and augmenting/reducing (A/R) in auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) during emotional visual stimulation. Sci. Rep. 7, Article number: 41588 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep41588
  7. 7.
    Corr, P.J., DeYoung, C.G., McNaughton, N.: Motivation and personality: a neuropsychological perspective. Soc. Pers. Psychol. Compass 7, 158–175 (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Corr, P.J.: Reinforcement sensitivity theory of personality questionnaires: structural survey with recommendations. Personality Individ. Differ. 89, 60–64 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Corr, P.J., McNaughton, N.: Neuroscience and approach/avoidance personality traits: a two stage (valuation–motivation) approach. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 36, 2339–2354 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2012.09.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Perret, E.: Gehirn und Verhalten. Neuropsychologie des Menschen. Huber, Stuttgart (1973)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shostak, V.I., Lytaev, S.A., Golubeva, L.V.: Topography of afferent and efferent flows in the mechanisms of auditory selective attention. Neurosci. Behav. Physiol. 25(5), 378–385 (1995).  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02359594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sylvers, P., Lilienfeld, S.O., LaPrairie, J.L.: Differences between trait fear and trait anxiety: implications for psychopathology. Clin. Psychol. Rev. 31, 122–137 (2011).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.08.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gray, J., McNaughton, N.: The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An Enquiry into the Functions of the Septo-Hippocampal System, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2000)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Petrie, A.: Individuality in Pain and Suffering. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1967)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lytaev, S.A., Shostak, V.I.: The significance of emotional processes in man in the mechanisms of analyzing the effect of varying contrast stimulation. Zhurnal Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatelnosti Imeni I.P. Pavlova 43(6), 1067–1074 (1993)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Von Knorring, L., Monakhov, K.K., Perris, C.: Switching adaptive mechanism for regulation of signals coming into central nervous system. Hum. Physiol. 7, 784–795 (1981)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    von Knorring, L., Perris, C.: Biochemistry of the augmenting-reducing response in visual evoked potentials. Neuropsychobiology 7, 1–8 (1981).  https://doi.org/10.1159/000117825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lytaev, S., Aleksandrov, M., Popovich, T., Lytaev, M.: Auditory evoked potentials and PET-scan: early and late mechanisms of selective attention. Adv. Intell. Syst. Comput. 775, 169–178 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-94866-9_17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hensch, T., Herold, U., Diers, K., Armbruster, D., Brocke, B.: Reliability of intensity dependence of auditory-evoked potentials. Clin. Neurophysiol. 119, 224–236 (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2007.09.127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lytaev, S.A., Belskaya, K.A.: Integration and disintegration of auditory images perception. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 9183, 470–480 (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20816-9_45CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergey Lytaev
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mikhail Aleksandrov
    • 2
  • Mikhail Lytaev
    • 3
  1. 1.Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Almazov National Medical Research CentreSaint PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.The Bonch-Bruevich State University of TelecommunicationsSaint PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations