Goal-Classification and the Influence of Activity-Goal-Formation on Individuals’ Systemic-Consideration of Activity-Strategies and Decision-Outcomes
The influencing role of students’ activity goal formation informed by their goal classification (i.e. highest or best) in their cognitive considerations of both activity strategies and decision outcomes for a pending task is examined in this study. Using data from a sample of 300 Graduate students preparing for an end-of-semester examination and the systemic structural activity analytical approach, it is found that actors’ cognitive classification of goals for pending activity as “highest” or “best” has no significant effect on the students’ goal formulation and the dynamic influence it has on their cognitive considerations for both activity strategy and decision outcome. Irrespective of goal classification, the students’ cognitive process of activity goal formation is found to significantly influence both their cognitive considerations of activity strategies and decision outcomes. It is concluded that the cognitive classification of goal has no direct significance on an students’ Goal formation process for a pending activity.
KeywordsGoal classification Activity goal formation Highest goal Best-goal Activity strategy Decision outcome
- 1.Sanda, M.A.: Cognitive and emotional-motivational implications in the job design of digitized production drilling in deep mines. In: Hale, K.S., Stanney, K.M. (eds.) Advances in Neuroergonomics and Cognitive Engineering, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 488, pp. 211–222. Springer, Switzerland (2016)Google Scholar
- 2.Bedny, G.Z., Karwowski, W.: A Systemic-Structural Theory of Activity: Applications to Human Performance and Work Design. Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton (2007)Google Scholar
- 5.Sanda, M.A.: Mediating subjective task complexity in job design: a critical reflection of historicity in self-regulatory activity. In: Carryl, B. (ed.) Advances in Neuroergonomics and Cognitive Engineering, pp. 340–350. Springer, Cham (2017)Google Scholar
- 7.Sanda, M.A., Johansson, J., Johansson, B., Abrahamsson, L.: Using systemic approach to identify performance enhancing strategies of rock drilling activity in deep mines. In: Hale, K.S., Stanney, K.M. (eds.) Advances in Neuroergonomics and Cognitive Engineering, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 488, pp. 135–144. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2012)Google Scholar
- 15.Di Stefano, C., Zhu, M., Mîndrilă, D.: Understanding and using factor scores: considerations for the applied researcher. Pract. Assess. Res. Eval. 14(20) (2009). http://pareonline.net/getvn.asp?v=14&n=20