Novel Contributions of Neuroergonomics and Cognitive Engineering to Population Health
This chapter describes important ways in which brain imaging and brain stimulation technologies are poised to contribute to disease prevention at the level of whole populations, and how neuroergonomics and cognitive engineering have set the conditions for this to occur. The historically limited influence of neuroscience on population health is discussed with reference to logistics, conceptual barriers, and epistemic considerations. With respect to the latter, the brain is typically viewed as an outcome variable, rather than its more nuanced role as a predictor, mediator or moderator. Yet these later roles potentiate a number of important functions for neuroscience research within disease prevention with wide ranging implications. Using examples from multiple laboratories, I highlight several examples of how neuroimaging and neuromodulation technologies can be used to generate new knowledge to shape disease prevention programs and optimize health communication strategies.
KeywordsNeuroergonomics rTMS fNIRS Brain Health Population
This work was supported by an operating grant to P. Hall (435-2017-0027) from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
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