Exploring a New Future in Collaborative Design Processes in Education

  • Joyce ThomasEmail author
  • Jerrod Windham
  • Suresh Sethi
  • Manish Arora
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 968)


The design process… what is it? How do we teach it in industrial design programs within the US? What is the role of users and how does the design process influence collaboration? There are many similarities yet also differences in how we approach teaching at undergraduate and graduate levels between universities. This paper discusses the experience of design educators from two universities in the US exploring assistive and medical device design projects and begins to explore where do we go from here.


Design process Discovery Self Problem finding/solving 


  1. 1.
    Cross, N.: Science and design methodology: a review. Res. Eng. Des. 5, 63–69 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gregory, S.A.: Design science. In: Gregory, S.A. (ed.) The Design Method. Butterworth, London (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Simon, H.A.: The Sciences of the Artificial. Mass., MIT Press, Cambridge (1969)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rittel, H.W.J., Webber, M.: Dilemmas in a general theory of planning. Pol. Sci. 4, 155–169 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cross, N.: A history of design methodology. In: DeVries, M.J., et al. (eds.) Design Methodology and Relationships with Science, pp. 15–27. Springer, Dordrecht (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Henderson, K.: The role of material objects in the design process: a comparison of two design cultures and how they contend with automation. Sci. Technol. Hum. Values 23(2), 139–174 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Andreasen, M.M.: Design methodology. J. Eng. Des. 2(4), 321–335 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pugh, S.: Total Design: Integrated Methods for Successful Product Engineering. Wokingham, UK, Addison-Wesley (1991)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ahmed, S., Wallace, K., Blessing, T.M.: Understanding the differences between how novice and experienced designers approach design tasks. Res. Eng. Des. 14, 1–11 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cross, N.: Expertise in Professional Design. In: Ericsson, K.A., Hoffman, R., Kozbelt, A., Williams, A.M. (eds.) Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance, 2nd edn, pp. 327–388. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2018)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Blessing, L.T., Chakrabarti, A.: DRM, a design research methodology. Springer, London (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Telenko, C., Sosa, R., Wood, K.L.: Changing conversations and perceptions: the research and practice of design science. In: Chakrabarti, A., Lindemann, U. (eds.) Impact of Design Research on Industrial Practice, pp. 281–309. Springer, Cham (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lewis, W.P., Bonollo, E.: An analysis of professional skills in design: implications for education and research. Des. Stud. 23(4), 385–406 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shin, C., Thomas, J.: Exploring two design processes: fast and slow. In: Chung, W., Shin, C. (eds) Advances in Affective and Pleasurable Design. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, AHFE 2017, vol 585. Springer, Cham pp 3–15 (2017)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Thomas, J., Strickfaden, M.: From industrial design education to practice: creating discipline through design sprints. In: Chung, M.W., Shin, C.S. (eds.) Advances in Interdisciplinary Practice in Industrial Design, AHFE 2018, AISC 790, pp. 111–121 (2019). Scholar
  16. 16.
    Strickfaden, M., Heylighen, A.: Who are they? Student voices about the ‘other’. In: Include 2009. Helen Hamlyn Centre RCA, London (2009)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cross, N.: Design Thinking Understanding How Designers Think and Work. Bloomsbury Publishing Pte, London (2016)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Archer, L.B.: The nature of research into design and design education. In: Archer, B., Baynes, K., Roberts, P.H. (1992). UK
  19. 19.
    Arnheim, R.: Visual thinking. In: Kepes, G. (eds.) Education of Vision, pp. 1–14. Studio Vista Ltd, London (1965)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sethi, S.: Every design tells a story. In: ICERI2015 Proceedings, pp. 6529–6535. IATED Publications: Seville (2015).
  21. 21.
    Cross, N.: Designerly ways of knowing. Des. Stud. 3(4), 221–227 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schon, D.A.: The Reflective Practitioner. Basic Books, New York (1983)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joyce Thomas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jerrod Windham
    • 1
  • Suresh Sethi
    • 2
  • Manish Arora
    • 3
  1. 1.Auburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  2. 2.University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignChampaignUSA
  3. 3.Indian Institute of ScienceBengaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations