Imagine 2025: Prosumer and Consumer Requirements for Distributed Energy Resource Systems Business Models
The user-centered design and the acceptance of smart grid technologies is one key factor for their success. To identify user requirements, barriers and underlying variables of acceptance for future business models (DSO controlled, Voltage-Tariff, Peer-to-Peer) a partly-standardized interview study with N = 21 pro- and consumers was conducted. The results of quantitative and qualitative data demonstrate that the acceptance of each future energy business model is relatively high. The overall usefulness was rated higher for future business models than the current business model. Prosumers had a more positive attitude towards the Peer-to-Peer model, whereas consumers preferred models in which the effort is low (DSO controlled) or an incentive is offered (Voltage-Tariff). The DSO controlled model is not attractive for prosumers, who criticize the increased dependency and external control. From the results it can be concluded that tariffs should be adapted to the user type.
KeywordsAcceptance Consumer and prosumer requirements Distributed energy resource Energy tariffs Energy business models
The current research is part of the “NEMoGrid” project and has received funding in the framework of the joint programming initiative ERA-Net SES focus initiative Smart Grids Plus, with support from the EU’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 646039. The content and views expressed in this study are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinion of the ERA-Net SG+ initiative. Any reference given does not necessarily imply the endorsement by ERA-Net SG+. We appreciate the support of our student scientists, who supported data collection and analysis.
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