Advertisement

Polish Asexualities: Catholic Religiosity and Asexual Online Activisms in Poland

  • Anna Kurowicka
  • Ela Przybylo
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter explores Polish asexual activism through an analysis of posts on the largest Polish-language forum devoted to asexuality, the Asexual Education Network (SEA). We focus on two themes in particular: Polish asexuals’ alliances and antagonism to LGBTI+ identities and Polish asexuals’ articulations of religiosity. We find that asexuals express ambivalence regarding their participation in LGBTI+ activism, with some arguing for inclusion in the community and others taking explicitly homophobic and transphobic positions. While most asexuals understand their identity as a secular sexual orientation, some use Catholic-influenced concepts of purity and supremacy to conceptualize it. We conclude that Polish asexual activism online is not uniform in its political alignments; rather, it can be and is mobilized for both progressive and conservative purposes depending on its conceptualization.

References

  1. AVEN: The Asexual Visibility and Education Network. (2001–2012). http://www.asexuality.org/home/general.html. Accessed 19 Sept 2018.
  2. Batričević, M., & Cvetić, A. (2016). Uncovering an A: Asexuality and Asexual Activism in Croatia and Serbia. In B. Bilić & S. Kajinić (Eds.), Intersectionality and LGBT Activist Politics: Multiple Others in Croatia and Serbia (pp. 77–103). London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bernstein, M. (2003). Nothing Ventured, Nothing Gained? Conceptualizing Social Movement “Success” in the Lesbian and Gay Movement. Sociological Perspectives, 46(3), 353–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brown, C. (2017). The History of the Asexual Community. Asexual Countercultures: Exploring Ace Communities and Intimacies, organized by Ela Przybylo and Justine Munich. Vancouver, BC: Simon Fraser University.Google Scholar
  5. Carrigan, M. (2011). There’s More to Life Than Sex? Difference and Commonality Within the Asexual Community. Sexualities, 14(4), 462–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Catechism of the Catholic Church. (1993). Libreria Editrice Vaticana. vatican.va/archive/ENG0015/_INDEX.HTM. Accessed 5 June 2017.
  7. Cerankowski, K. J., & Milks, M. (2010). New Orientations: Asexuality and Its Implications for Theory and Practice. Feminist Studies, 36(3), 650–664.Google Scholar
  8. Cohen, C. (1997). Punks, Bulldaggers, and Welfare Queens: The Radical Potential of Queer Politics? GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 3(4), 437–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dave, N. (2012). Queer Activism in India: A Story in the Anthropology of Ethics. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. De Lappe, J. (2016). Asexual Activism. In N. A. Naples (Ed.), The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies (pp. 1–2). Wiley-Blackwell. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/book/10.1002/9781118663219. Accessed 3 June 2018.
  11. Decker, J. S. (2016). The Invisible Orientation: An Introduction to Asexuality. New York City: Skyhorse Publishing.Google Scholar
  12. Dyer, R. (1997). White: Essays on Race and Culture. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Emens, E. F. (2014). Compulsory Sexuality. Stanford Law Review, 66, 303–386.Google Scholar
  14. Fahs, B. (2010). Radical Refusals: On the Anarchist Politics of Women Choosing Asexuality. Sexualities, 13(4), 445–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gdula, M. (2016). Dogmat Płci: Polska Wojna z Genderem [Sex Dogma: The Polish War with Gender]. Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Katedra.Google Scholar
  16. Ginoza, M. K., Miller, T., & the AVEN Survey Team. (2014). The 2014 AVEN Community Census: Preliminary Findings. https://asexualcensus.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/2014censuspreliminaryreport.pdf. Accessed 19 Sept 2018.
  17. Grabowska, M. (2012). Bringing the Second World In: Conservative Revolution(s), Socialist Legacies, and Transnational Silences in the Trajectories of Polish Feminism. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 37(2), 385–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Grabowska, M. (2013). Between Gender Studies and ‘Gender Ideology’: Gender Education in Poland. Warsaw: Heinrich Boll Stiftung. pl.boell.org/sites/default/files/downloads/Magda_Grabowska_gender_education.pdf. Accessed 23 Aug 2017.
  19. Grabowska, M. (2014). Cultural War or “Business as Usual”? Recent Instances, and the Historical Origins, of a “Backlash” Against Women’s and Sexual Rights in Poland. Warsaw: Heinrich Boll Stiftung. pl.boell.org/sites/default/files/uploads/2014/10/cultural_war_or_grabowska.pdf. Accessed 23 Aug 2017.
  20. Graff, A. (2009). Gender and Nation, Here and Now: Reflections on the Gendered and Sexualized Aspects of Contemporary Polish Nationalism. In E. H. Oleksy (Ed.), Intimate Citizenships: Gender, Sexualities, Politics (pp. 133–146). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Graff, A., & Korolczuk, E. (2017). ‘Worse Than Communism and Nazism Put Together’: War on Gender in Poland. In R. Kuhar & D. Paternotte (Eds.), Anti-Gender Campaigns in Europe: Mobilizing Against Equality (pp. 175–194). London: Rowman and Littlefield International.Google Scholar
  22. Grupa Stonewall [Stonewall Group]. http://grupa-stonewall.pl/kim-jestesmy/. Accessed 29 Nov 2017.
  23. Gupta, K. (2015). Compulsory Sexuality: Evaluating an Emerging Concept. Signs, 41(1), 131–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. ILGA Europe. (2017). Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex People in Europe. https://www.ilga-europe.org/sites/default/files/Attachments/annual_review_2017_online.pdf. Accessed 19 Sept 2018.
  25. Jagose, A. (2012). Orgasmology. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Kim, E. (2010). How Much Sex is Healthy? The Pleasures of Asexuality. In J. M. Metzl & A. Kirkland (Eds.), Against Health: How Health Became the New Morality (pp. 157–169). New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Lexicon. (2017). AVENwiki. http://wiki.asexuality.org/Lexicon. Accessed 19 Sept 2018.
  28. Nabrdalik, M. (2018). Out: LGBTQ Poland. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
  29. Nair, Y. (2015). Your Sex Is Not Radical. Yasmin Nair’s Blog. http://yasminnair.net/content/your-sex-not-radical. Accessed 19 Sept 2018.
  30. Owen, I. H. (2014). On the Racialization of Asexuality. In K. J. Cerankowski & M. Milks (Eds.), Asexualities: Feminist and Queer Perspectives (pp. 119–135). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  31. Przybylo, E. (2011). Crisis and Safety: The Asexual in Sexusociety. Sexualities, 14(4), 444–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Przybylo, E. (2016). Introducing Asexuality and Asexuality Studies. In S. Seidman & N. Fischer (Eds.), Introducing the New Sexuality Studies (3rd ed., pp. 181–191). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Przybylo, E., & Cooper, D. (2014). Asexual Resonances: Tracing a Queerly Asexual Archive. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 20(3), 297–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Puar, J. (2007). Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Public Opinion Research Center. (2015). cbos.pl/PL/publikacje/public_opinion/2015/02_2015.pdf. Accessed 23 Aug 2017.
  36. Renninger, B. J. (2015). ‘Where I Can Be Myself… Where I Can Speak My Mind’: Networked Counterpublics in a Polymedia Environment. New Media and Society, 17(9), 1513–1529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Scherrer, K. (2008). Coming to an Asexual Identity: Negotiating Identity, Negotiating Desire. Sexualities, 11(5), 621–641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sieć Edukacji Aseksualnej / SEA [Asexual Education Network]. (2017). http://pl.asexuality.org. Accessed 19 Sept 2018.
  39. Smith, O. (2017). Asexual. UK.Google Scholar
  40. Świder, M., & Winiewski, M. (Eds.). (2017). Sytuacja Społeczna Osób LGBTA w Polsce. Raport za lata 2015–2016 [The Social Situation of LGBTA People in Poland: Report for 2015–2016]. Warsaw: Kampania Przeciw Homofobii. https://kph.org.pl/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Sytuacja-spoleczna-osob-LGBTA-w-Polsce.pdf. Accessed 1 Dec 2017.
  41. Warner, M. (2002). Publics and Counterpublics (abbreviated version). Quarterly Journal of Speech, 88(4), 413–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wojtyła, K. (1982). Miłość i Odpowiedzialność [Love and Responsibility]. Lublin: Wydawnictwo Katolickiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Kurowicka
    • 1
  • Ela Przybylo
    • 2
  1. 1.Maria Curie-Skłodowska UniversityLublinPoland
  2. 2.Illinois State UniversityNormalUSA

Personalised recommendations