Advertisement

Eighteenth-Century Editorial Style at Work: The Editing of The Elements of Euclid by Isaac Barrow and Robert Simson

  • Jocelyn Hargrave
Chapter
Part of the New Directions in Book History book series (NDBH)

Abstract

This chapter considers how numerous editors of The Elements of Euclid, the first mathematics textbook, began their Euclidean journeys with virtually identical copy; however, their differing treatments, and their interpretations of their contemporary style guides, typify idiosyncratic editorial experiences. To demonstrate this, Barrow’s 1660, 1686 and 1705 editions are studied; and Simson’s influential 1756 edition is also treated briefly for comparative purposes. The editorial performances of Barrow and Simson are examined with reference to Joseph Moxon’s Mechanick Exercises (1683) and John Smith’s The Printer’s Grammar (1755), respectively.

References

  1. Ackerberg-Hastings, Amy. 2002. Analysis and Synthesis in John Playfair’s Elements of Geometry. The British Journal for the History of Science 35 (1): 43–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barker, Nicolas. 1981. Typography and the Meaning of Words: The Revolution in the Layout of Books in the Eighteenth Century. In The Book and the Book Trade in Eighteenth-Century Europe, ed. Giles Barber and Bernhard Fabian, 127–165. Hamburg: Dr Ernst Hauswedell & Co.Google Scholar
  3. Barrow-Green, June. 2007. “Much Necessary for All Sortes of Men”: 450 Years of Euclid’s Elements in English. BSHM Bulletin: Journal of the British Society for the History of Mathematics 21 (1): 2–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blum, Christopher O. 2002. The Oldest Math Textbook. The Journal of Education 183 (1): 107–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bonnell, T.F. 2008. The Most Disreputable Trade: Publishing the Classics of English Poetry 1765–1810. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bourne, Claire M.L. 2014. Dramatic Pilcrows. Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 108 (4): 413–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Broadbent, T.A.A. 1947. The First English Euclid. The Mathematical Gazette 31 (293): 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Drake, Stillman. 1970. Early Science and the Printed Book: The Spread of Science Beyond the Universities. Renaissance and Reformation 6 (3): 43–52.Google Scholar
  9. Euclid, and Henry Hill. 1726. The Six First, Together with the Eleventh and Twelfth Books of Euclid’s Elements Demonstrated aAfter a New, Plain, and Easie Method. London: Printed by William Pearson, and Sold by R. and J. Bonwicke, in St. Paul’s-Church-Yard; F. Fayram, at the South-Entrance of the Royal-Exchange; and B. Motte, at the Middle-Temple-Gate, Fleet-Street.Google Scholar
  10. Euclid, and Isaac Barrow. 1660. Euclide’s Elements; the Whole Fifteen Books Compendiously Demonstrated. London: Printed by R. Daniel for William Nealand.Google Scholar
  11. Euclid, and Isaac Barrow. 1686. Euclid’s Elements. The Whole Fifteen Books Compendiously Demonstrated by Mr. Isaac Barrow, Fellow of Trinity College in Cambridge. And Translated Out of the Latin. London: Printed for Christopher Hussey and E.P. in Little Britain.Google Scholar
  12. Euclid, and Isaac Barrow. 1705. Euclide’s Elements; the Whole Fifteen Books Compendiously Demonstrated to Which Is Added Archimedes Theorems of the Sphere and Cylinder, Investigated by the Method of Indivisibles. London: Printed by E. Redmayne, and to Be Sold by J. Sprint at the Sign of the Bell in Little-Britain.Google Scholar
  13. Euclid, and Robert Simson. 1756. The Elements of Euclid viz. the First Six Books, Together with the Eleventh and Twelfth. In This Edition, the Errors, by Which Theon, or Others, Have Long Ago Vitiated These Books, Are Corrected, and Some of Euclid’s Demonstrations Are Restored. By Robert Simson, M. D. Professor of Mathematics in the University of Glasgow, ed. Gale. Glasgow: Printed by Robert and Andrew Foulis Printers to the University.Google Scholar
  14. Euclid, and Thomas L. Heath. 1956. The Thirteen Books of Euclid’s Elements. 2d ed., rev. with additions ed. New York: Dover Publications.Google Scholar
  15. Euclid, Henry Billingsley, and John Dee. 1570. The Elements of Geometrie of the Most Auncient Philosopher Euclide of Megara. Faithfully (Now First) Translated into the Englishe Toung, by H. Billingsley, Citizen of London. Whereunto Are Annexed Certaine Scholies, Annotations, and Inuentions, of the Best Mathematiciens, Both of Time Past, and in This Our Age. With a Very Fruitfull Præface Made by M. I. Dee. London: John Daye.Google Scholar
  16. Feingold, Mordechai. 1990. Isaac Barrow: Divine, Scholar, Mathematician. In Before Newton: The Life and Times of Isaac Barrow, ed. Mordechai Feingold, 1–104. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gibson, George A. 1925. Some Criticisms of Robert Simson by Sir T. L. Heath. Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society 44: 39–46.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0013091500034349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Goldstein, Joel A. 2000. A Matter of Great Magnitude: The Conflict over Arithmetization in 16th-, 17th-, and 18th-Century English Editions of Euclid’s Elements Books I Through VI (1561–1795). Historia Mathematica 27: 36–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Howsam, Leslie. 2014. The Practice of Book and Print Culture: Sources, Methods, Readings. In The Perils of Print Culture: Book, Print and Publishing History in Theory and Practice, ed. Eve Patten and Jason McElligott, 17–32. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  20. Klein, Jacob. 1992. Greek Mathematical Thought and the Origin of Algebra. Mineola: Dover Publications.Google Scholar
  21. Moxon, Joseph. 1683. Mechanick Exercises: Or, the Doctrine of Handy-Works. Applied to the Art of Printing. The Second Volumne [sic]. London: Printed for Joseph Moxon on the West-side of Fleet-ditch, at the Sign of Atlas.Google Scholar
  22. Ostermann, Alexander, and Gerhard Wanner. 2012. Geometry by Its History. Heidelberg/New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Simpkins, Diana M. 1966. Early Editions of Euclid in England. Annals of Science 22 (4): 225–249.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00033796600203155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Smith, John. 1755. The Printer’s Grammar. London: Printed for the Editor; and Sold by W. Owen, Near Temple Bar; and by M. Cooper, at the Globe in Paternoster Row.Google Scholar
  25. Stahl, Gerry. 2013. Translating Euclid: Designing a Human-Centered Mathematics. San Rafael: Morgan & Claypool.Google Scholar
  26. Stakhov, Alexey. 2009. The Mathematics of Harmony: From Euclid to Contemporary Mathematics and Computer Science. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stedall, Jacqueline. 2012. The Pathway of Knowledge and the English Euclidean Tradition. In Robert Recorde: The Life and Times of a Tudor Mathematician, ed. Gareth Roberts and Fenny Smith, 57–72. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.Google Scholar
  28. Thomas-Stanford, Charles. 1924. Early Editions of Euclid’s Elements. The Library s4-V (1): 39–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Trail, W. 1812. Account of the Life and Writings of Robert Simson, M.D.: Late Professor of Mathematics in the University of Glasgow. London: Printed for G. and W. Nicol.Google Scholar
  30. Wardhaugh, Benjamin. 2012. A Wealth of Numbers: An Anthology of 500 Years of Popular Mathematics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jocelyn Hargrave
    • 1
  1. 1.Monash UniversityClaytonAustralia

Personalised recommendations