Conclusion: The Search for a New Security Paradigm Begins in the Arctic

  • Heather Exner-Pirot
  • Lassi Heininen


This chapter briefly summarizes the objectives of this book, and asks whether a new security paradigm—one that adequately accounts for the threats arising from environmental and climate changes—is on the horizon. We conclude that such a paradigm is not yet available. We remain entrenched in a state-led, international structure that is poorly adapted to address the security implications of climate change, as demonstrated in the Arctic region.


Arctic Security Climate change Paradigm 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heather Exner-Pirot
    • 1
  • Lassi Heininen
    • 2
  1. 1.Observatoire de la politique et la sécurité de l’Arctique at CIRRICQQuebecCanada
  2. 2.INAR at University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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