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Classical Genetics and Traditional Breeding in Mungbean

  • Harsh Kumar Dikshit
  • Gyan Prakash Mishra
  • Prakit Somta
  • Tun Shwe
  • A. K. M. M. Alam
  • Tejinderjit S. Bains
  • Ramakrishnan M. NairEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Compendium of Plant Genomes book series (CPG)

Abstract

Mungbean is a highly self-pollinating diploid species, with chromosome number of 2n = 22. Varietal improvement in mungbean has benefited greatly from exemplary work done in the past on determination of genetics of key traits. Varietal introductions, pure line selection, recombination breeding and mutagenesis have been employed successfully in developing varieties. Development of high-yielding varieties with synchronous and early maturity (about 60 days), determinate growth habit, large-seed size, resistance to diseases (powdery mildew, Cercospora leaf spot and mungbean yellow mosaic disease) through hybridization and mutagenesis was a game changer in mungbean development. This enabled the expansion of the crop through good adoption by the farming community, particularly in Asia.

Keywords

Mungbean Floral biology Hybridization Genetics Breeding 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harsh Kumar Dikshit
    • 1
  • Gyan Prakash Mishra
    • 1
  • Prakit Somta
    • 2
  • Tun Shwe
    • 3
  • A. K. M. M. Alam
    • 4
  • Tejinderjit S. Bains
    • 5
  • Ramakrishnan M. Nair
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of GeneticsICAR – Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureKasetsart UniversityKamphaeng SaenThailand
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural ResearchYezin, Nay Pyi TawMyanmar
  4. 4.Pulses Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI)GazipurBangladesh
  5. 5.Punjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  6. 6.World Vegetable Center, South Asia, ICRISAT CampusPatancheru, HyderabadIndia

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