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Bone Repair and Regeneration Are Regulated by the Wnt Signaling Pathway

  • Khosrow Siamak Houschyar
  • Dominik Duscher
  • Zeshaan N. Maan
  • Malcolm P. Chelliah
  • Mimi R. Borrelli
  • Kamran Harati
  • Christoph Wallner
  • Susanne Rein
  • Christian Tapking
  • Georg Reumuth
  • Gerrit Grieb
  • Frank Siemers
  • Marcus Lehnhardt
  • Björn Behr
Chapter

Abstract

The Wnt signaling pathway is central to a large number of diverse cellular processes during embryological development, including those involved in the formation of bone and cartilage. Wnt signaling continues to play a critical role in the homeostasis, repair, and regeneration of bone in adults. Imbalances in this highly conserved and complex system contribute to a number of diseases, including impaired bone healing, autoimmune disease, and cancer. Critical-sized skeletal defects represent a major challenge to the reconstructive surgeon and are often associated with significant morbidity. The Wnt pathway is an attractive therapeutic target with potential to directly modulate stem cells responsible for skeletal tissue regeneration. Recent research indicates that Wnt ligands are able to promote bone growth, suggesting that Wnt factors could be used to stimulate bone healing of nonunions and large bony defects. This chapter explores the essential role of the Wnt pathway in bone regeneration.

Keywords

Wnt Stem cells Bone Regeneration 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khosrow Siamak Houschyar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dominik Duscher
    • 9
  • Zeshaan N. Maan
    • 3
  • Malcolm P. Chelliah
    • 3
  • Mimi R. Borrelli
    • 3
  • Kamran Harati
    • 1
  • Christoph Wallner
    • 1
  • Susanne Rein
    • 4
  • Christian Tapking
    • 5
    • 6
  • Georg Reumuth
    • 7
  • Gerrit Grieb
    • 8
  • Frank Siemers
    • 8
  • Marcus Lehnhardt
    • 1
  • Björn Behr
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plastic Surgery, BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Ruhr University BochumBochumGermany
  2. 2.Burn Unit, Department for Plastic and Hand SurgeryTrauma Center Bergmannstrost HalleHalle (Saale)Germany
  3. 3.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of SurgeryStanford School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  4. 4.Department of Plastic and Hand SurgeryBurn Center-Clinic St. GeorgLeipzigGermany
  5. 5.Department of SurgeryShriners Hospital for Children-Galveston, University of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA
  6. 6.Department of Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryBurn Trauma Center, BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen, University of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  7. 7.Department of Plastic and Hand SurgeryBurn Unit, Trauma Center Bergmannstrost HalleHalleGermany
  8. 8.Department of Plastic Surgery and Hand SurgeryGemeinschaftskrankenhaus Havelhoehe, Teaching Hospital of the Charité BerlinBerlinGermany
  9. 9.Department for Plastic Surgery and Hand SurgeryDivision of Experimental Plastic Surgery, Technical University of MunichMunichGermany

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