Soft Tissue Reconstruction of the Lower Limb

  • Mahmoud Kazem Nassar
  • Daniel J. Jordan
  • Sandip Hindocha


The authors discuss and review current and past thoughts on reconstruction of the lower limb and in particular the options of soft tissue coverage. Discussion of the lower limb, its reconstruction and why it is needed, the available options and difficult choices in regard to amputation, as well as physical examination of the wound, patient assessment, rehabilitation and functional end point are included.


Lower limb Injury Reconstruction Free tissue transfer Microsurgery 



Special thanks to Omar Quaba and Alex Munnoch, Consultant Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons for use of images.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahmoud Kazem Nassar
    • 1
  • Daniel J. Jordan
    • 1
  • Sandip Hindocha
    • 2
  1. 1.Plastic Surgery and Reconstruction DepartmentNinewells Hospital and Medical School, Tayside NHS TrustDundeeUK
  2. 2.Plastic Surgery & Laser Centre, Bedford Hospital NHS TrustBedfordUK

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