Space Diplomacy: Traditional and Non-Traditional Security Issues

  • Stefania Paladini


As the EU Commission stated recently in an official communication, there is the growing perception of space as a “challenged” and together “challenging” place. “Space is becoming a more contested and challenged environment. New competitors – both public and private – are emerging around the world, partly spurred by the reduced costs of developing and launching satellites. Growing threats are also emerging in space: from space debris to cyber threats or the impact of space weather” (European Commission, 2016: 8).


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefania Paladini
    • 1
  1. 1.Birmingham City UniversityBirminghamUK

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