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The Mouse Cerebral Cortex

  • Hannsjörg SchröderEmail author
  • Natasha Moser
  • Stefan Huggenberger
Chapter
  • 108 Downloads

Abstract

The cerebral cortex is the hierarchically highest unit of the mammalian brain. The entire afferent sensory information (somatosensory, visual, auditory, gustatory, olfactory) is represented there mostly in a topic fashion. With the exception of olfaction, all the mentioned sensory qualities are transferred to the cerebral cortex via the dorsal thalamus (► Chap.  8). The primary motor cortex is the site of origin of the corticospinal tract executing voluntary movements. A loop of neurons ensures the communication of the cortex with the cerebellum starting in the frontal cortex, reaching the pontine nuclei (► Chap.  6) which in turn transmit signals to the cerebellum. From there the way back to the cortex is realized via the thalamic motor nuclei (► Chap.  8) to the cerebral cortex. Secondary and tertiary association areas of the cerebral cortex compute incoming signals from the primary cortices and link different qualities.

Keywords

Cerebral cortex Telencephalon Primary cortex Secondary cortex Tertiary cortex Corticospinal tract Cortico-subcortico-cortical loops 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hannsjörg Schröder
    • 1
    Email author
  • Natasha Moser
    • 1
  • Stefan Huggenberger
    • 2
  1. 1.Department II of AnatomyUniversity Hospital CologneCologneGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Anatomy and Clinical MorphologyUniversity of Witten/HerdeckeWittenGermany

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