• Birgit Poopuu
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)


This chapter traces the need to critically explore the EU’s brand of peacebuilding in the form of its Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). It takes stock of how CSDP has been previously approached. Seeing that CSDP has generally been analysed from a problem-solving position, which largely takes the substance of its peace missions for granted, this work attempts to fill this gap, by problematising CSDP missions’ substance and purpose, rather than simply discussing the efficiency or effectiveness of the CSDP in its own terms. The chapter further sets out the plan of the book, with an emphasis on the conceptual apparatus that enables to study the particular “peace goods”, which the EU puts forth with the aim of safeguarding peace.


EU’s brand of peacebuilding CSDP Peace goods 


  1. Asseburg, Muriel, and Ronja Kempin, eds. 2009. The EU as a Strategic Actor in the Realm of Security and Defence? A Systematic Assessment of ESDP Missions and Operations. Berlin: German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP).Google Scholar
  2. Autesserre, Séverine. 2010. The Trouble with the Congo: Local Violence and the Failure of International Peacebuilding. New York, NY: CUP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Autesserre, Séverine. 2014. Peaceland: Conflict Resolution and the Everyday Politics of International Intervention. New York, NY: CUP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bickerton, Chris J., Bastien Irondelle, and Anand Menon. 2011. “Security Co-operation Beyond the Nation-State: The EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy.” Journal of Common Market Studies 49 (1): 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Björkdahl, Annika, Stefanie Kappler, and Oliver Richmond. 2011. “The Emerging EU Peacebuilding Framework: Confirming or Transcending Liberal Peacebuilding?” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 24 (3): 449–469. Scholar
  6. Bono, Giovanna. 2006. “The Perils of Conceiving of EU Foreign Policy as a ‘Civilising Force.’” Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft 1: 150–163.
  7. Buckley-Zistel, Susanne. 2006. “In-between War and Peace: Identities, Boundaries and Change after Violent Conflict.” Millennium—Journal of International Studies 35 (1): 3–21. Scholar
  8. Cebeci, Münevver. 2012. “European Foreign Policy Research Reconsidered: Constructing an ‘Ideal Power Europe’ Through Theory?” Millennium—Journal of International Studies 40 (3): 563–583. Scholar
  9. Council of the European Union. 2005. “ESDP Newsletter. European Security and Defence Policy.” December, Issue 1.
  10. Council of the European Union. 2009. “Council Conclusions on Democracy Support in the EU’s External Relations (2974th External Relations Council Meeting).” Brussels, November 17.
  11. Dias, Vanda Amaro. 2013. “The EU’s Post-Liberal Approach to Peace: Framing EUBAM’s Contribution to the Moldova-Transnistria Conflict Transformation.” European Security 22 (3): 338–354. Scholar
  12. Diez, Thomas. 2005. “Constructing the Self and Changing Others: Reconsidering ‘Normative Power Europe.’” Millennium—Journal of International Studies 33 (3): 613–636. Scholar
  13. Emerson, Michael, and Eva Gross, eds. 2006. Evaluating the EU’s Crisis Missions in the Balkans. Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies.Google Scholar
  14. European Security Strategy (ESS). 2003. “A Secure Europe in a Better World—The European Security Strategy.” Brussels, December 12.
  15. Fetherston, A.B. 2000. “Peacekeeping, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding: A Reconsideration of Theoretical Frameworks.” In Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution, edited by Tom Woodhouse and Oliver Ramsbotham, 190–218. London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
  16. Freire, Maria R., et al. 2010. Mapping Research on European Peace Missions. The Hague: Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’.Google Scholar
  17. Galantino, Maria G., and Maria R. Freire, eds. 2015. Managing Crises, Making Peace: Towards a Strategic EU Vision for Security and Defense. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  18. Ginsberg, Roy H., and Susan E. Penksa. 2012. The European Union in Global Security: The Politics of Impact. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Grevi, Giovanni, Damien Helly, and Daniel Keohane, eds. 2009. European Security and Defence Policy: The First 10 Years (1999–2009). Paris: EUISS.
  20. Gross, Eva, and Ana E. Juncos, eds. 2011. EU Conflict Prevention and Crisis Management: Roles, Institutions, and Policies. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Jackson, Patrick T. 2011. The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations: Philosophy of Science and Its Implications for the Study of World Politics. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Kurki, Milja. 2013. Democratic Futures: Revisioning Democracy Promotion. Abingdon: Routledge. Kindle edition.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kurowska, Xymena. 2008. “The Role of ESDP Operations.” In European Security and Defence Policy: An Implementation Perspective, edited by Michael Merlingen and Rasa Ostrauskaite, 25–42. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  24. Kurowska, Xymena. 2012. “Introduction: The Role of Theory in Research on Common Security and Defence Policy.” In Explaining the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy: Theory in Action, edited by Xymena Kurowska and Fabian Breuer, 1–15. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  25. Kurowska, Xymena, and Fabian Breuer, eds. 2012. Explaining the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy: Theory in Action. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  26. Mac Ginty, Roger. 2008. No War, No Peace: The Rejuvenation of Stalled Peace Processes and Peace Accords. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  27. Mac Ginty, Roger. 2011. International Peacebuilding and Local Resistance: Hybrid Forms of Peace. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Manners, Ian, and Richard Whitman. 2016. “Another Theory Is Possible: Dissident Voices in Theorising Europe.” Journal of Common Market Studies 54 (1): 3–18. Scholar
  29. Merlingen, Michael. 2012a. “Applying Foucault’s Toolkit to CSDP.” In Explaining the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy: Theory in Action, edited by Xymena Kurowska and Fabian Breuer, 188–211. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Merlingen, Michael. 2012b. EU Security Policy: What It Is, How It Works, Why It Matters. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  31. Merlingen, Michael, and Rasa Ostrauskaite. 2006. European Union Peacebuilding and Policing: Governance and the European Security and Defence Policy. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  32. Merlingen, Michael, and Rasa Ostrauskaite. 2008a. “Introduction: The European Union in International Security Affairs.” In European Security and Defence Policy: An Implementation Perspective, ed. Michael Merlingen and Rasa Ostrauskaite, 1–8. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Merlingen, Michael, and Rasa Ostrauskaite. 2008b. “The Implementation of the ESDP: Issues and Tentative Generalisations.” In European Security and Defence Policy: An Implementation Perspective, edited by Michael Merlingen and Rasa Ostrauskaite, 189–205. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Merlingen, Michael, and Rasa Ostrauskaite, eds. 2008c. European Security and Defence Policy: An Implementation Perspective. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  35. Peen Rodt, Annemarie. 2011. “The EU: A Successful Military Conflict Manager?” Democracy and Security 7 (2): 99–122. Scholar
  36. Pogodda, Sandra, Oliver Richmond, Nathalie Tocci, Roger Mac Ginty, and Birte Vogel. 2014. “Assessing the Impact of EU Governmentality in Post-Conflict Countries: Pacification or Reconciliation?” European Security. Scholar
  37. Schlag, Gabi. 2012. “Into the ‘Heart of Darkness’—EU’s Civilising Mission in the DR Congo.” Journal of International Relations and Development 15 (3): 321–344. Scholar
  38. Van Leeuwen, Theo. 2008. Discourse and Practice: New Tools for Critical Discourse Analysis. New York, NY: OUP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Viktorova Milne, Jevgenia. 2009. Returning Culture to Peacebuilding: Contesting the Liberal Peace in Sierra Leone. PhD diss., University of St Andrews.Google Scholar
  40. Whitman, Richard G., and Stefan Wolff, eds. 2012. The European Union As a Global Conflict Manager. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar
  41. Zehfuss, Maja. 2002. “The Politics of Reality: Derrida’s Subversions, Constructivism and German Military Involvement Abroad.” In Constructivism in International Relations: The Politics of Reality, edited by Maja Zehfuss, 196–249. Cambridge: CUP.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Birgit Poopuu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of International PoliticsAberystwyth UniversityAberystwythUK

Personalised recommendations