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Potential of Plant-Microbe Interactions in Management of Pesticide-Riddled Soil

  • Narendra Kumar
  • Sarika Chaturvedi
  • S. M. Paul Khurana
Chapter

Abstract

Pesticides have been widely used after the Second World War in management of weeds, diseases and pests of plants. Most of these have persistent nature and cause serious environmental concerns. They can be managed only through the biological agents for remediation of agricultural soils. The crop fields are normally over polluted through pesticides. Biodegradation of pesticides has been an ecofriendly, cost-effective, highly efficient approach in comparison to the physical and chemical means. The chemical means are not only expensive but also not ecofriendly. Biodegradation is sensitive to temperature and pH conversions. The researches hit that bioremediation has more potential than physicochemical approaches. Rhizosphere bacteria and fungi degrade organic pollutants known as bioremediation/rhizodegradation. If selected vegetation is used, there may be enhancement of pollutant decomposers in terms of numbers and action potential in the rhizosphere, which can result in speedy rhizodegradation of toxic pesticides. This is directly related with human health. It needs a very careful understanding of the mechanisms of pollutant degradation in the rhizosphere environment. Recent investigations revealed that plant-related microorganisms in the rhizosphere produce pesticide-decomposing enzymes. This mineralizes toxic pesticides. This rhizoremediation may be a promising technology in removal of pesticides in polluted soil. The chapter deals mainly with microbial interaction of rhizosphere.

Keywords

Pesticides Microbial interaction Organic pollutants Rhizosphere Biodegradation Rhizodegradation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to the Amity University Haryana authorities for the facilities and constant encouragement.

Conflict of Interest Statement

We declare that we have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narendra Kumar
    • 1
  • Sarika Chaturvedi
    • 1
  • S. M. Paul Khurana
    • 1
  1. 1.Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University HaryanaManesar, GurgaonIndia

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