Pathogen and Management of Fungal Wilt of Banana Through Biocontrol Agents
Banana is an important and affordable source of food for millions of people of the developing tropical countries. It comes in the category of export fruits in the world. Banana wilt is a limiting factor for growth of the banana industry. It is one of the most destructive diseases of banana. The main causal organism of wilt of banana is Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc). Right from the discovery of Fusarium wilt in banana, many control measures like fumigation of soil and crop rotation along with organic amendments have been attempted. But the problem could not be resolved fully except by planting resistant cultivars. Use of resistant varieties also is not effective and can’t be implemented easily because of lack of consumer preference. Due to these problems, use of antagonistic agents is being adopted largely. They have the potential to protect and promote plant growth by colonizing and multiplying both in the rhizosphere and plant system. They are useful as an effective eco-friendly alternative for field management of the banana wilt.
To control Fusarium wilt, biocontrol method is now gaining popularity. It is eco-friendly in nature. Biocontrol has potential and various mechanisms for plant protection. Trichoderma sp. acts as a major interactive agent in root, soil, and foliar environments through releasing an array of compounds producing localized or systemic resistance in plants. Pseudomonas sp. also has varying mechanisms towards the control of phytopathogens through release of a wide range of antagonistic metabolites. This chapter records updated information about the pathogen and how Fusarium can be managed through the biocontrol agents.
KeywordsFusarium wilt Biological control Trichoderma spp. Pseudomonas spp.
We are grateful to the authorities of Amity University Haryana for the facilities and encouragement.
Conflict of Interest Statement
We declare that we have no conflict of interest.
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