Advertisement

An Overview of Effective Concentration of Industrial Effluent for Improving Crop Production and Its Effect on Micro-Biodiversity Zone of Soil

  • Sangeeta
  • Gita Rani
  • Rani Devi
Chapter

Abstract

Soil and water are integral parts of the ecosystem. These are used as resources for agriculture. In recent years, most of the water and soil have become polluted by sewage, industrial waste/effluents, and a wide range of synthetic chemicals. Our planet Earth is now overburdened with the toxic substances. Industrialization has been proven as a significant milestone in the development of human civilization. But, at the same time, it has loaded the Earth with industrial wastes including toxic solids, liquids, and gaseous discharges. With the mushrooming growth pattern of industries, all important components of ecosystems particularly soil, water, air, vegetation, and all others are being affected adversely. Management of these natural resources is very important for sustainable development of living beings on Earth. Industrializations are not only land area intensive but also lead to other serious environmental humiliation (Azumi DS, Bichi MH, J Appl Sci Environ Sanit 5:23–29, 2010). Now the challenge before us in this present scenario is the careful disposal of effluent so that adverse impact on soil fertility, plant growth, and health of animals and human beings may be reduced. Thus, there is an urgent need to have innovative strategies for wiser management of effluents and land resources for its optimum and appropriate utilization. In the present study, efforts have been made for handling sugar industry along with use of its effluent for improving wheat crop and production.

References

  1. Barnett HL, Hunter BB (1972) Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi, 3rd edn. Burgess Publishing, Minneapolis, MN, p 273Google Scholar
  2. Baruah AK, Sharma RN, Borah GC (1993) Impact of sugar mill and distillery effluents on water quality of river Gelabil Assam. Indian J Environ Health 35:288–293Google Scholar
  3. Chandra R, Bharagava RN, Yadav S, Mohan B (2009) Accumulation and distribution of toxic metals in wheat (Triticum aestivum) and Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) irrigated with distillery and tannery effluents. J Hazard Mater 169:1514–1521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. CPCB (2009) Water quality status of Yamuna river, assessment and development of river basin series: ADSORBS/41/2009. Published by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), DelhiGoogle Scholar
  5. Domsch KH, Games W, Anderson TH (1980) Compendium of soil fungi. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Ellis MB (1976) More dematiaceous hyphomycetes. Common Wealth Mycological Institute, Kew, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Gilman JC (1998) A manual of soil fungi. Biotech Books, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  8. Khatoon T, Hussain K, Majeed A, Nawaz K, Nisar MF (2010) Morphological variations in maize (Zea mays L.) under different levels of NaCl at germinating stage. World Appl Sci J 8:1294–1129Google Scholar
  9. Maliwal GL, Patel KP, Patel KC, Patel MN (2004) Pollution studies on sugar mill effluent, physico-chemical properties and toxic metals. Pollut Res 14:231–238Google Scholar
  10. Nelson PE, Toussoun TA, Marasas WFO (1983) Fusarium species: an illustrated manual for identification. Pennsylvania State University Press\University Park, PennsylvaniaGoogle Scholar
  11. Pandey SN, Nautiyal BD, Sharma CP (2008) Pollution level in distillery effluent and its phytotoxic effect on seed germination and early growth of maize and rice. J Environ Biol 29(2):267–270PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Patil V, Gholey V (2010) Comparative toxicological studies of distillery effluent treatment such as UASB reactor followed by on oxidizer unit using Cyprinus carpio fish. Environ Technol 31(2):185–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Roy P, Ratna JP, Joshi AP (2007) Effect of sugar factory effluent on some physico-chemical properties of soils-a case study. J Environ Sci Eng 49(4):277–282PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Satheeskumar L, Selvaraj V (2007) Sugar industry need of the hour. Econ Chall 10(37):61–63Google Scholar
  15. Sharma BK, Habib I (1997) Irrigational impact of rubber factory effluent on elemental bioaccumulation and metabolic concentration in component parts of Hordeum vulgare var. J Indian Bot Soc 76:5–10Google Scholar
  16. Singh DK, Kumar D, Singh VP (2005) Phytoremediation of contaminated soil. J Environ Biol 5:15–91Google Scholar
  17. Solomon SK (2008) Environmental pollution and its management in sugar industry in India: an appraisal. Sugar Technol 7(1):77–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Srivastava S, Chopra AK, Kumar V, Sehgal D (2015) Agrofertigational response of sugar mill effluent and synthetic fertilizer (DAP) on the agronomy of crop V. unguiculata L. walp in two seasons. Res J Agric Environ Sci 2(3):5–17Google Scholar
  19. Suresh B, Abraham K, Damodharam T (2014) Effect of sugar industry effluent on changes of growth and biochemical contents of Capsicum annuum L. Adv Appl Sci Res 5(5):305–309Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangeeta
    • 1
  • Gita Rani
    • 2
  • Rani Devi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Energy and Environmental SciencesChaudhary Devi Lal UniversitySirsaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryChaudhary Devi Lal UniversitySirsaIndia

Personalised recommendations