Biological Control of Soft-Rot of Ginger: Current Trends and Future Prospects

  • Mahendra RaiEmail author
  • Patrycja Golińska
  • Sudhir Shende
  • Priti Paralikar
  • Pramod Ingle
  • Avinash P. Ingle


Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) is an important crop having various medicinal, nutritional, and ethnomedicinal properties cultivated all over the world. Pythium and Fusarium spp. are pathogens responsible for the deteriorating disease in ginger known as soft- or rhizome-rot, causing more than 50% loss of ginger crop worldwide. The application of chemical fungicides is a promising method for control of soft-rot in ginger. But use of such fungicides is harmful to both environment and human health. Thus, there is an obligatory need for the search of an eco-friendly and economic approach for the control of soft-rot in ginger. Various physical, chemical, and biological methods have already been in practice since many years for managing soft-rot in ginger. This chapter primarily focuses on the advantages of biological control over chemical methods of Pythium and Fusarium spp. management using antagonistic fungi, bacteria, actinomycetes, and plant extracts. These biocontrol agents offer the best opportunity in control of diseases and also help to maintain the quality and crop yield. Moreover, the emerging role of nanotechnology in the management of these pathogens is also briefly discussed.


Pythium Fusarium Biocontrol Soft-rot Ginger Antagonistic 



MR is thankful to University Grants Commission, New Delhi for award of BSR faculty fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahendra Rai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Patrycja Golińska
    • 2
  • Sudhir Shende
    • 1
  • Priti Paralikar
    • 1
  • Pramod Ingle
    • 1
  • Avinash P. Ingle
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologySGB Amravati UniversityAmravatiIndia
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyNicolaus Copernicus UniversityTorunPoland
  3. 3.Department of Biotechnology, Engineering School of LorenaUniversity of Sao PauloLorenaBrazil

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