Advertisement

The Enrolment of National Parliamentarians

  • Olivier RozenbergEmail author
Chapter
Part of the French Politics, Society and Culture book series (FPSC)

Abstract

The disappointing adaptation of the French Parliament to the EU is considered to be the result of the limited interest of MPs, considered individually or collectively, to embrace European issues. At the individual level, MPs can hardly ever maximize their utility through participating in specialised procedures—be them vote, office or policy seekers. At the collective level, the opposition still holds a limited role and the European issue is not central to the management of coalitions. Nevertheless, the chapter supports the view that the analysis of parliamentarians should go beyond a pure rational framework. There are indeed some types of activities and procedures that do not directly aim at filling exogenous aims. Therefore, the complexity of the adaptation of the French MPs can be better understood at the level of the patterns of behaviour and attitude of groups of representatives. The concept of parliamentary roles is regarded as a key unit for analysis of the Europeanisation of national parliaments.

Keywords

French Parliament French MPs Parliamentary roles Europeanisation of national parliaments 

References

  1. Abélès, M. (2001). Un ethnologue à l’Assemblée. Paris: Odile Jacob.Google Scholar
  2. Andeweg, R. (2014). Roles in Legislatures. In S. Martin, T. Saalfeld, & K. Strøm (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies (pp. 267–285). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Auel, K. (2007). Democratic Accountability and National Parliaments: Redefining the Impact of Parliamentary Scrutiny in EU Affairs. European Law Journal, 13(4), 487–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Auel, K., & Benz, A. (2005). The Politics of Adaptation: The Europeanisation of National Parliamentary Systems. The Journal of Legislative Studies, 11(3–4), 372–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Auel, K., Rozenberg, O., & Tacea, A. (2015). To Scrutinise or Not to Scrutinise? Explaining Variation in EU-Related Activities in National Parliaments. West European Politics, 38(2), 282–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bagehot, W. (1964 [1867]). The English Constitution. London: Watts.Google Scholar
  7. Bailer, S., & Schneider, G. (2006). Nash versus Schelling? The Importance of Constraints in Legislative Bargaining. In R. Thomson (Ed.), The European Union Decides (pp. 153–177). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bakker, R., de Vries, C., Edwards, E., Hooghe, L., Jolly, S., Marks, G., et al. (2015). Measuring Party Positions in Europe. Party Politics, 21(1), 143–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Balme, R. (2001). Electeur rationnel. In P. Perrineau & D. Reynié (Eds.), Dictionnaire du vote (pp. 340–348). Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  10. Beauvallet, W., Michon, S., Lepaux, V., & Monicolle, C. (2018). Les logiques du recrutement de l’investissement politiques au Parlement européen. In S. Michon (Ed.), Le Parlement européen au travail (pp. 29–48). Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes.Google Scholar
  11. Belot, C., & Cautrès, B. (2004). L’Europe, invisible mais omniprésente. In B. Cautrès & N. Mayer (Eds.), Le nouveau désordre électoral. Les leçons du 21 avril 2002 (pp. 191–141). Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.Google Scholar
  12. Belot, C., Cautrès, B., & Strudel, S. (2013). L’Europe comme enjeu clivant. Ses effets perturbateurs sur l’offre électorale et les orientations de vote lors de l’élection présidentielle de 2012. Revue française de science politique, 63(6), 1081–1112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bergman, T. (2000). The European Union as the Next Step of Delegation and Accountability. European Journal of Political Research, 37(3), 415–429.Google Scholar
  14. Blomgren, M., & Rozenberg, O. (Eds.). (2012). Parliamentary Roles in Modern Legislatures. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Bonnaud, L., & Martinais, E. (2013). Une catastrophe au Parlement. La contribution des débats parlementaires à l’écriture du droit. In C. de Galembert, C. Vigour, & O. Rozenberg (Eds.), Faire parler le Parlement (pp. 245–259). Paris: LGDJ.Google Scholar
  16. Braud, P. (1996). L’émotion en politique. Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.Google Scholar
  17. Cayrol, R. (1998). L’électeur face aux enjeux économiques, sociaux et européens. In P. Perrineau & C. Ysmal (Eds.), Le Vote surprise (pp. 97–117). Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.Google Scholar
  18. Chabbal, J. (2016). Changer la prison. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Costa, O., & Kerrouche, E. (2007). Qui sont les députés français? Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.Google Scholar
  20. Cox, G. (1987). The Efficient Secret: The Cabinet and the Development of Political Parties in Victorian England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cox, G. (1997). Making Votes Count Strategic Coordination in the World’s Electoral Systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. de Ruiter, R. (2013). Under the Radar? National Parliaments and the Ordinary Legislative Procedure in the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy, 20(8), 1196–1212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Dehousse, R., & Tacea, A. (2015). Europe in the 2012 French Presidential Election. In R. Brizzi & G. Goodliffe (Eds.), France After 2012 (pp. 152–166). New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  24. Dogan, M. (1999). Les professions propices à la carrière politique. Osmoses, filières et vivier. In M. Offerlé (Ed.), La profession politique XIXe–XXe siècles (pp. 171–199). Paris: Éditions Belin.Google Scholar
  25. Downs, A. (1957). An Economic Theory of Political Action in Democracy. Journal of Political Economy, 65(2), 135–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Duchesne, S., Frazer, E., Haegel, F., & Van Ingelgom, V. (2013). Citizens’ Reactions to European Integration Compared: Overlooking Europe. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Elias, N. (1991 [1939]). The Society of Individuals. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  28. Eymeri, J. M. (2002). Définir “la position de la France” dans l’Union européenne. La médiation interministérielle des généralistes du SGCI. In O. Nay & A. Smith (Eds.), Le gouvernement de compromis: Courtiers et généralistes dans l’action politique (pp. 149–176). Paris: Economica.Google Scholar
  29. Finke, D., & Herbel, A. (2015). Beyond Rules and Resources: Parliamentary Scrutiny of EU Policy Proposals. European Union Politics, 16(4), 490–513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Foucault, M. (2009). Le corps utopique - Les hétérotopies. Paris: Éditions Lignes.Google Scholar
  31. Gardey, D. (2015). Le Linge du Palais-Bourbon. Corps, matérialité et genre du politique. Lormont: Le Bord de l’Eau.Google Scholar
  32. Gaxie, D. (2003). La démocratie représentative (4th ed.). Paris: Montchrestien.Google Scholar
  33. Giddens, A. (1979). Central Problems in Social Theory. Basingstoke: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Godbout, J. F., & Foucault, M. (2013). French Legislative Voting in the Fifth Republic. French Politics, 11(4), 307–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Grossman, E. (2008). La résistance comme opportunité: les stratégies des institutions politiques françaises face à l’Europe. Revue internationale de politique comparée, 15(4), 667–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Grunberg, G., & Schweisguth, E. (2003). La tripartition de l’espace politique. In P. Perrineau & C. Ysmal (Eds.), Le vote de tous les refus (pp. 341–362). Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.Google Scholar
  37. Jabko, N. (2004). The Importance of Being Nice: An Institutionalist Analysis of French Preferences on the Future of Europe. Comparative European Politics, 2(3), 282–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Jaffré, J. (2013). La victoire étroite de François Hollande. In P. Perrineau (Ed.), Le vote normal, Les élections présidentielle et législatives d’avril-mai-juin 2012 (pp. 133–160). Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.Google Scholar
  39. Karlas, J. (2011). Parliamentary Control of EU Affairs in Central and Eastern Europe: Explaining the Variation. Journal of European Public Policy, 18(2), 258–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kassim, H. (2013). The Europeanization of Member State Institutions. In S. Bulmer & C. Lequesne (Eds.), The Member States of the European Union (pp. 279–312). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Kerrouche, E. (2004). Appréhender le rôle des parlementaires: étude comparative des recherches menées et perspectives. In O. Costa, E. Kerrouche, & P. Magnette (Eds.), Vers un renouveau du parlementarisme en Europe? (pp. 35–55). Brussels: Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  42. Knutelská, V. (2013). National Parliaments in the Council: Parliamentary Scrutiny Reserves. Central European Journal of International & Security Studies, 7(1), 146–164.Google Scholar
  43. Krehbiel, K. (1991). Information and Legislative Organization. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Lagroye, J. (1994). Etre du métier. Politix, (28), 5–15.Google Scholar
  45. Navarro, J. (2009). Les députés européens et leur rôle. Brussels: Éditions de l’Université de Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  46. Lascoumes, P. (2009). Les compromis parlementaires, combinaisons de surpolitisation et de sous-politisation. Revue française de science politique, 59(3), 455–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Lazardeux, S. (2009). The French National Assembly’s Oversight of the Executive: Changing Role, Partisanship and Intra-Majority Conflict. West European Politics, 32(2), 287–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Leuffen, D. (2009). Does Cohabitation Matter? French European Policy-Making in the Context of Divided Government. West European Politics, 32(6), 1140–1160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Lévi-Strauss, C. (1961 [1955]). Sad Tropics (J. Russell, Trans.). New York: Criterion Books.Google Scholar
  50. March, J., & Olsen, J. (1989). Rediscovering Institutions. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  51. Martin, L., & Vanberg, G. (2004). Policing the Bargain: Coalition Government and Parliamentary Scrutiny. American Journal of Political Science, 48(1), 13–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Mattila, M., & Raunio, T. (2006). Cautious Voters—Supportive Parties Opinion Congruence between Voters and Parties on the EU Dimension. European Union Politics, 7(4), 427–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Mayer, N. (2013). From Jean-Marie to Marine Le Pen: Electoral Change on the Far Right. Parliamentary Affairs, 66(1), 160–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Mayhew, D. (1974). The Electoral Connection. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  55. Milet, M. (2010). Pour une sociologie législative du pouvoir des parlementaires en France. Revue française d’administration publique, 135(3), 601–618.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Moravcsik, A. (2003). Le mythe du déficit démocratique européen. Raisons politiques, 10, 87–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Müller, W., & Strøm, K. (1999). Policy, Office, or Votes? How Political Parties in Western Europe Make Hard Decisions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Offerlé, M. (1999). Professions et profession politique. In M. Offerlé (Ed.), La Profession politique XIXème-XXème siècle (pp. 7–35). Paris: Belin.Google Scholar
  59. Payne, J., Woshinsky, O., Velben, E., & Coogan, W. (1986). Motivation of Politicians (2nd ed.). Chicago: Nelson-Hall.Google Scholar
  60. Raunio, T. (2005). Holding Governments Accountable in European Affairs: Explaining Cross-National Variation. The Journal of Legislative Studies, 11(3–4), 319–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Raunio, T., & Hix, S. (2000). Backbenchers Learn to Fight Back: European Integration and Parliamentary Government. West European Politics, 23(4), 142–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Rozenberg, O. (2009). Présider par plaisir. L’examen des affaires européennes à l’Assemblée nationale et à la Chambre des Communes depuis Maastricht. Revue française de science politique, 59(3), 401–427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Saalfeld, T. (2003). The Bundestag: Institutional Incrementalism and Behavioural Reticence. In K. Dyson & K. Goetz (Eds.), Germany, Europe, and the Politics of Constraint (pp. 73–96). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  64. Saalfeld, T. (2005). Deliberate Delegation or Abdication? Government Backbenchers, Ministers and European Integration. Journal of Legislative Studies, 11(3–4), 343–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Sauger, N., Brouard, S., & Grossman, E. (2007). Les Français contre l’Europe? Les sens du référendum du 29 mai 2005. Paris: Presses de Sciences Po.Google Scholar
  66. Schelling, T. (1960). The Strategy of Conflict. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  67. Searing, D. (1994). Westminster’s World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  68. Sieberer, U. (2011). The Institutional Power of Western European Parliaments: A Multidimensional Analysis. West European Politics, 34(4), 731–754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Sprungk, C. (2011). How Policy-Shaping Might (Not) Affect Policy-Taking: The Case of National Parliaments in the European Union. Journal of European Integration, 33(3), 323–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Strøm, K. (2012). Roles as Strategies: Toward a Logic of Legislative Behaviour. In O. Rozenberg & M. Blomgren (Eds.), Parliamentary Roles in Modern Legislatures (pp. 85–100). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  71. Strøm, K., Müller, W. C., & Bergman T. (Eds.). (2003). Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  72. Tiberj, V., & Kerrouche, E. (2013). Up and Down, Old and New: Values and Value Systems of MPs and Voters in France. The Journal of Legislative Studies, 19(2), 160–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Wahlke, J., Eulau, H., Buchanan, W., & Fergusson, L. (1962). The Legislative System: Explorations in Legislative Behaviour. New York: Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  74. Weber, M. (2015). Politics as a Vocation. In M. Weber, T. Waters, & D. Waters (Eds.), Weber’s Rationalism and Modern Society: New Translations on Politics, Bureaucracy, and Social Stratification. (T. Waters & D. Waters, Trans.) (pp. 129–198). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  75. Wessels, W., & Rozenberg, O. (2013). Democratic Control in the Member States of the European Council and the Euro zone summits. Report for European Parliament.Google Scholar
  76. Winzen, T. (2012). National Parliamentary Control of European Union Affairs: A Cross-National and Longitudinal Comparison. West European Politics, 35(3), 657–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Winzen, T. (2013). European Integration and National Parliamentary Oversight Institutions. European Union Politics, 14(2), 297–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Woshinsky, O. (1973). The French Deputy. Lexington: D.C. Heath.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for European Studies and Comparative PoliticsSciences PoParisFrance

Personalised recommendations