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Prevention of Hazards of Hospitalization

  • Claire DavenportEmail author
  • Rebecca J. Stetzer
Chapter

Abstract

Older adults can be profoundly impacted by the hazards of hospitalization. Frailty, cognitive impairment, sensory impairment, and multiple comorbid conditions combine to decrease the body’s compensatory capacity. Individualized treatment plans incorporate understanding of the patient’s baseline function and chronic conditions, the acute illness, and healthcare goals. Hazards of hospitalization can be prevented with sensory and social stimulation, mobilization, optimal nutrition and hydration, assessments of elimination and excretion, healthy sleep hygiene, appropriate prescribing, pain control, good communication, and early discharge planning.

Keywords

Hazards of hospitalization Immobility Delirium Anticholinergic burden Frailty Malnutrition Pressure ulcers Procedures Postoperative care Hospital-acquired infection 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geriatrics and Palliative MedicineIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geriatrics and Palliative Care, Albany Stratton VA, Department of Family and Community MedicineAlbany Medical CollegeAlbanyUSA

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