Spatial Pathways to Work

  • David CairnsEmail author
  • Marine Sargsyan


In this chapter, we explore spatial pathways open to students and graduates in Armenia, with particular emphasis upon Russia, the United States and the European Union. Using material from 51 qualitative interviews, we are able to illustrate some of the attractions and the challenges relating to these respective destinations. Among the issues discussed are the prominence of bureaucratic barriers that limit the accessibility of foreign labour markets and more personal considerations, such as managing family life while abroad. While we are able to provide some insight into the process of moving, it is also evident that successful integration into a foreign labour market is the exception rather than the norm among the interviewees, suggesting that a high level of difficulty is experienced in following these pathways.


Armenia Mobility Russia United States European Union 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Research and Studies in SociologyISCTE-University Institute of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Roma Tre UniversityRomeItaly

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