Spatial Pathways to Work
In this chapter, we explore spatial pathways open to students and graduates in Armenia, with particular emphasis upon Russia, the United States and the European Union. Using material from 51 qualitative interviews, we are able to illustrate some of the attractions and the challenges relating to these respective destinations. Among the issues discussed are the prominence of bureaucratic barriers that limit the accessibility of foreign labour markets and more personal considerations, such as managing family life while abroad. While we are able to provide some insight into the process of moving, it is also evident that successful integration into a foreign labour market is the exception rather than the norm among the interviewees, suggesting that a high level of difficulty is experienced in following these pathways.
KeywordsArmenia Mobility Russia United States European Union
- Cameron, F. (2002). US Foreign Policy after the Cold War: Global Hegemony or Reluctant Sheriff? London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Dadrian, V. (1995). The History of the Armenian Genocide. Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus. Providence, RI: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
- Mkrtichyan, A., Vermishyan, H., and Balasanyan, S. (2016). Independence Generation Youth Study 2016—Armenia. Yerevan: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.Google Scholar
- UNESCO. (2018). Global Flow of Tertiary-Level Students. Accessed at: http://www.uis.unesco.org/Education/Pages/international-student-flow-viz.aspx.
- Vartikyan, A., and Ghahriyan, S. (2017). ‘Diagnosis of the independence generation: Issues of social exclusion of Armenian Youth’, 21st Century Information and Analytical Journal, 1, 20, 66–76.Google Scholar
- Zenian, D. (2002). Moscow: Home of the Largest Armenian Diaspora Community. New York: AGBU.Google Scholar