Advertisement

Reflexive Mobility

  • David CairnsEmail author
  • Marine Sargsyan
Chapter

Abstract

Despite its popularity as a research topic, student and graduate mobility remains relatively undertheorized, especially in regard to explaining how and why certain individuals move abroad for work and study. Acknowledging this deficit, in this chapter we continue development of a line of inquiry introduced in our prior work: the idea that mobility decision-making can be conceptualized as a reflexive process. Rather than being passive or involuntary, it is hypothesized that outward mobility involves the use of agency and social networks as practical and imaginative resources. Building on ideas introduced by previous authors (e.g. the work of Margaret Archer), we also acknowledge the importance of the ‘internal conversation’ dimension of life planning and the significance of externalized dialogues taking place in education and the workplace. Echoing Anglophone youth sociology, mobility choices are thus viewed as individualized, albeit bounded by positive and negative factors relating to obstacles and opportunities.

Keywords

Armenia Mobility Reflexivity Margaret Archer 

References

  1. Archer, M. S. (2000). Being Human: The Problem of Agency. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Archer, M. S. (2003). Structure, Agency and the Internal Conversation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Archer, M. S. (2007). Making Our Way Through the World: Human Reflexivity and Social Mobility. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Archer, M. S. (2012). The Reflexive Imperative in Late Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beck, U., Giddens, A., and Lash, S. (1994). Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  6. Cairns, D. (2014). Youth Transitions, International Student Mobility and Spatial Reflexivity: Being Mobile? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cairns, D. (2017a). ‘Migration and tertiary educated youth: A reflexive view of mobility decision-making in an economic crisis context’, Children’s Geographies, 17, 4, 413–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cairns, D. (2017b). ‘The Erasmus undergraduate exchange programme: A highly qualified success story?’, Children’s Geographies, 15, 6, 728–740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cairns, D., Cuzzocrea, V., Briggs, D., and Veloso, L. (2017). The Consequences of Mobility: Reflexivity, Social Inequality and the Reproduction of Precariousness in Highly Qualified Migration. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cairns, D., Growiec, K., and Smyth, J. (2012). ‘Spatial reflexivity and undergraduate transitions in the Republic of Ireland’, Journal of Youth Studies, 15, 7, 841–857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cairns, D., Krzaklewska, E., Cuzzocrea, V., and Allaste, A.-A. (2018). Mobility, Education and Employability in the European Union: Inside Erasmus. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Collins, F. L. (2008). ‘Bridges to learning: International student mobilities, education agencies and inter-personal networks’, Global Networks, 8, 4, 398–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dyke, M., Johnston, B., and Fuller, A. (2012). ‘Approaches to reflexivity: Navigating educational and career pathways’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 33, 6, 831–848.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Hu, A., and Cairns, D. (2017). ‘Hai Gui or Hai Dai? Chinese student migrants and the role of Norwegian mobility capital in career success’, Young, 15, 2, 174–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mkrtichyan, A., Vermishyan, H., and Balasanyan, S. (2016). Independence Generation Youth Study 2016—Armenia. Yerevan: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.Google Scholar
  17. Morano-Foadi, S. (2005). ‘Scientific mobility, career progression, and excellence in the European Research Area’, International Migration, 43, 5, 134–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Moskal, M. (2018). ‘Gendered differences in international graduates’ mobility, identity and career development’, Social & Cultural Geography,  https://doi.org/10.1080/14649365.2018.1499039.
  19. Robertson, S., Cheng, Y. E., and Yeoh, B. S. A. (2018). ‘Introduction: Mobile aspirations? Youth im/mobilities in the Asia-Pacific’, Journal of Intercultural Studies, 39, 6, 613–625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Saar, M. (2018). ‘Using reflexivity to explain variations in migration among the highly-skilled’, Identities,  https://doi.org/10.1080/1070289X.2017.1412179.
  21. Williams, L. (2018). ‘Thinking about careers: Reflexivity as bounded by previous, ongoing, and imagined experience’, Journal of Critical Realism, 17, 1, 46–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Research and Studies in SociologyISCTE-University Institute of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Roma Tre UniversityRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations