Lifetime Improvement of Wireless Sensor Networks Using Tree-Based Routing Protocol

  • Sushaptha Rajagopal
  • R. Vani
  • J. C. Kavitha
  • R. Saravanan
Conference paper
Part of the EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing book series (EAISICC)


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are used for handling a large amount of data despite their serious limitations such as delay and energy consumption. The constraints become a serious issue when we deploy many nodes for the purpose of data handling. WSNs can be made energy efficient by means of Energy-Efficient Low Duty Cycle (ELDC) protocol which is an artificial neural network-based energy-efficient and robust routing scheme used in wireless sensor networks. ELDC is an extension of energy-efficient unequal clustering and energy-efficient multiple distance-aware clustering protocols. It is a dynamic group-based routing protocol which makes multi-hop strategy for communication. In ELDC there is a large amount of packet loss and load balance is not provided which reduces the lifetime of the network. Therefore, we suggest the use of General Self-Organization Tree-Based Energy Balance (GSTEB) protocol to provide load balance. It is a dynamic tree-based routing protocol which minimizes the energy consumption and has a minimum or no packet loss and data compression is also provided to improve the performance. It also prevents the entry of unauthorized node containing malicious data and the packet delivery ratio is also high. The proposed system greatly improves the lifetime of the network. The applications of our paper include environmental monitoring, air traffic control, surveillance, etc.


Tree-based routing Packet loss Energy consumption Load balance Data compression Lifetime 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sushaptha Rajagopal
    • 1
  • R. Vani
    • 2
  • J. C. Kavitha
    • 3
  • R. Saravanan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringMeenakshi College of EngineeringChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringSRM UniversityChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Information TechnologyRMD Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia

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