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Local Aspects of Water Quality Assessment as the Basis for Regional Sustainable Development

  • Alesya O. DanilenkoEmail author
  • Lyudmila S. Kosmenko
  • Maria Yu. Kondakova
  • Olga S. Reshetnyak
  • Lidia I. Minina
  • Mikhail M. Trofimchuk
Chapter
Part of the Strategies for Sustainability book series (STSU)

Abstract

The natural ecosystem state including aquatic one is crucial for sustainable regional social and economic development. The key elements of effective water resource administration are evaluation and forecast of surface water quality. This article provides an overview of international and Russian experience in surface water quality assessment. Many countries such as the EU countries, EECCA countries, the USA, Canada, the UK, etc. carry out water quality assessment on the basis of local standards depending on the content of pollutants in water bodies. As for Russia, generally accepted water quality indices are still based on the maximum permissible concentrations of pollutants that do not take into consideration specific regional conditions of the formation of chemical compositions and water quality of aquatic ecosystems. Therefore, there is a need to develop regional standards for the Russian Federation which focus on the chemical content of water bodies and take into account natural hydrochemical background. Local natural features of water bodies can be used in many ways: as a basis for assessing the ‘chemical status’ of the river ecosystem; for harmonization of water quality requirements with other countries and for the elaboration of ecologically justifiable water protection measures as the necessary foundations for environmentally sustainable development.

Keywords

Water quality Pollutants Hydrochemical background River ecosystem Chemical status 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alesya O. Danilenko
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lyudmila S. Kosmenko
    • 1
  • Maria Yu. Kondakova
    • 1
  • Olga S. Reshetnyak
    • 1
  • Lidia I. Minina
    • 1
  • Mikhail M. Trofimchuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal State Budgetary Institution “Hydrochemical Institute”Rostov-on-DonRussia

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